Y5: Kawalgaw Ya

AIATSIS code: 
Y5
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kawalgaw Ya

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Muralag
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kaurareg
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Kaurarega, Kowrarega, Kauralaig, Kauraleg, Koro-rega, Korariga, Kauralaigal (K. people), Malulaig, Muralug (name of part of Prince of Wales Island), Wathai-yunu (horde on Prince of Wales Island), Muralag, Kokkaiya (horde on Yorke Islands), Alkaiyana (people of 'inside' Turtle Islands), Koiyana (people of 'outside' islands).
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Muralag, Kaurareg, Kaurarega, Kowrarega, Kauralaig, Kauraleg, Koro rega, Korariga, Kauralaigal, Malulaig, Muralug, Wathai yunu, Kokkaiya, Alkaiyana, Koiyana
Comment
Comments: 
Kawalgaw Ya (Y5) is a dialect of the Western Torres Strait language Kala Lagaw Ya Y1. The others are: Kala Lagaw Ya Y1, Mabuyag Y239, Kalaw Kawaw Ya Y2 and Kulkalgaw Ya Y4. This language is also known as Yagar Yagar (Ober p.c. 2007).
References: 
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Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
TSI
Location information: 
Muralag group of islands which include Horn Island, Prince of Wales Island, Hammond Island and Thursday Island. It is also spoken on Kubin Island - because Muralag people were moved to Kubin island from the above mentioned islands when the Queensland government established administration on Thursday Island (Ober 2007 p.c.). Kawalgaw Ya, also know as Kawrareg. This dialect is the language of the people of Muralag group of islands which include Horn Island, Prince of Wales Island, Hammond Island, Thursday Island. This dialect is also spoken at Kubin because Muralag people were moved there from these group of islands when the Queensland government established the administration on Thursday Island. (Ober 2007 p.c.). Kubin and Noerupay [Horne Island] (Ober ASEDA 0485).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Mabuiag Southern Mabuiag Kaurareg, Muralag
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Mabuiagic Kaurareg, Muralag
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Mabuiagic Kaurareg, Muralag