Y51: Wik Ngatharr

AIATSIS code: 
Y51
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wik Ngatharr

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Wik (Wik-Ngathara)
Ethnologue name
Wikalkan (Wik-Ngatharra)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Wik-kalkan (Wik-ngatara)
Thesaurus heading language
Wik Ngatharr language Y51
Thesaurus heading (old)
Wik Ngatharr language (Y51) (Qld SD54-07)
Tindale (1974)
Wik-ngatara (erroneous term), Wik Alkan, Wik-kalkin, Wik-natara, Algan, Ngadara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wik Ngathara
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Wik Ngatharra, Wik Ngatara, Wik-Alkanha, Wik-Kalkan [Sutton 1978:38, 120] Ngadara [Capell 1963: Y96] Wik-natera (McConnel 1934) [Sutton 1995]
Synonyms
Wik Alken, Wikalkan, Wik Ngatharra, Wik, Wik Ngathara, Wikatinda, Wik Ompom, Wikampama, Wik Kalkan, Wik Epa, Wikepa, Wik Meanha, Wikmean, Wiknatanja, Mimungkum, Wik Mungkana, Wiknantjara, Algan, Alkan, Charra, Galan, Kalkin, Natara, Ngadaara, Ngadara, Wik älkän, WikNgadara, Wik algan, Wik kalkan, Wik kalkin, Wik nätara, Wik ngatara, Wikkolon, Wikngatara, Wooli, Wik Ngathar, Wik Ngatara, Wik Alkanha, Wik Alkan, Wik natara
Comment
Comments: 
Wik-Ngatharr (Y51) is also known as Wik-Elken (Wik-Alkan) Y49 and is the most northern of the Wik languages; affiliated clans have estates intermingled with those of Wik-Ngathan Y54; these two varieties (Wik-Ngatharr and Wik-Ngathan) have a similar grammar but different vocabularies. Technically speaking they are distinct dialects of the same language. Wik-Ngatharr has extensive dropping of initial consonants; different pronunciation and vocabularies, makes Wik-Ngatharr a difficult dialect to 'hear' from a Wik-Ngathan perspective (Sutton, 1991:iii-iv). This language belongs to a genetic language family (shared origins) which includes: Wik-Mungkan Y57; Wik-Iiyanh Y177 and Y172; Wik-Ngathan Y54 and Y56; Wik-Ep Y52; Wik-Me'anh Y53; Wik-Keyangan Y173; Mungkanho; Kugu-Uwanh Y176; Kugu Muminh Y43; Kugu-Ugbanh Y175 and Kugu-Mu'inh Y53 (Sutton, 1993:32).
References: 
  • Sutton, Peter. 1991. Language in Aboriginal society: social dialects in a geographic idiom. In Language in Australia ed Suzanne Romaine. Cambridge:Melbourne : Cambridge University Press.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1993. Material culture traditions of the Wik people, Cape York Peninsula. In Records of the South Australian Museum, v. 27 no. 1, pp. 31-52.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Wik-Ngathan dictionary. Adelaide : Caitlin Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
From the Knox River to Love River along coast and inland to Kencherang (Sutton 1995:iii).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Peter Sutton
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganPamanMiddle PamaWikalkan (Wik-Ngatharra)Wikalkan [dialects: Wik-Ngandjara (Ngandjara), Ngadanja]
Dixon (2002)NORTH CAPE YORK SUBGROUP*Wik subgroup*Wik-Ngatharr (= Wik-Alken)Wik-Ngathan (= Wik-linjtjenj) Sutton (1978) further dialect: Wik-Ngatharr (= Wik-Alken, = Wik-Elken)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganPamanWik-Ngatharra
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganPamanMiddle PamaWik-Ngatharra
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMiddle PamaWik Ngathar
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMiddle PamaWik Ngatara (Wik Alkan)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMiddle PamaWikngatara