Y54: Wik Ngathan

AIATSIS code: 
Y54
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wik Ngathan

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
Wik Ngathan
Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
Wik Ngathan language Y54
Thesaurus heading (old)
Wik Ngathan language (Y54) (Qld SD54-01)
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Wik-Iinychanya [Sutton 1978:108] Wik-Iincheyn [Sutton 1995:iii] Wik-natanya (McConnel 1934) [Sutton 1995]
Synonyms
Wik linjtjenj, Ngaduna, Wik ngatona, Wik Iinychanya
Comment
Comments: 
See also Wik Ngathanya Y56. Sutton treats Wik Ngathanya Y56 and Wik Ngathan as referring to the same language and uses Wik-Ngathan as the standard. According to Sutton (1995:iii), the different Wik-Ngathan-owning clans have slightly different dialects. One of these dialects, spoken by the coastal clan with an estate just north of Knox River was known as Wik-Iincheyn in the late 1970s and early 1980s. However, by the 1990s, the use of the name Wik-Iincheyn appears to have stopped, and the Knox River dialect is now known as Wik-Ngathan. This language belongs to a genetic language family (shared origins) which includes: Wik-Mungkan Y57; Wik-Iiyanh Y177 and Y172; Wik-Ngatharr Y51; Wik-Ep Y52; Wik-Me'anh Y53; Wik-Keyangan Y173; Mungkanho; Kugu-Uwanh Y176; Kugu Muminh Y43; Kugu-Ugbanh Y175 and Kugu-Mu'inh Y53 (Sutton, 1993:32).
References: 
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1993. Material culture traditions of the Wik people, Cape York Peninsula. In Records of the South Australian Museum; v. 27 no. 1, pp. 31-52.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Wik-Ngathan dictionary. Adelaide: Caitlin Press.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1978. Wik: Aboriginal society, territory and language at Cape Keerweer, Cape York Peninsula, Australia, University of Queensland: PhD. (MS 1274).
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
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Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
A documentation project funded by Hans Rausing Endangered Languages Project is carried out from December 2006 to December 2009 (http://wwwling.arts.kuleuven.be/fll/hrelp/).
People: 
Peter Sutton
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt100 - 200
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate100
2006Census0
2011Census4
2016Census3

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 

Sutton, Peter. 1978. Appendix 1: The Wik-Ngathana language. In Sutton Wik: Aboriginal society, territory and language at Cape Keenweer, Cape York Peninsula, University of Queensland: PhD.

Dictionary: 
Sutton, Peter. 1995. Wik-Ngathan dictionary Adelaide. Adelaide:Caitlin Press.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) NORTH CAPE YORK SUBGROUP* Wik subgroup* Wik-Ngathan (= Wik-linjtjenj) Wik-Ngathan (= Wik-linjtjenj) Sutton (1978) further dialect: Wik-Ngatharr (= Wik-Alken, = Wik-Elken)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Middle Pama Ngaduna
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)