Y59: KUGU NGANHCARA

AIATSIS Code: 
Y59
AIATSIS Reference name: 
KUGU NGANHCARA

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Wik (Wiknantjara)
Ethnologue name
Wikngenchera, Wik-Ngandjara (Ngandjara)
ISO 639-3 code
wua
Tindale name
Wiknantjara
Thesaurus heading
Wik Nganychara / Wik Ngencherr language (Y59) (Qld SD54-11)
Tindale (1974)
Wik-Ngencherra, Wik-Natjerra, Ngandjara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
wikn1246
Other sources
Wik-nantjara (McConnel 1930), Wik Ngantjera (Sharp 1939, Scheffler 1972), Wiknantyara (McConnel 1939, 1940), Ngandjara (Capell 1963) and Kugu Nganychara (J. von Sturmer 1978) [Smith & Johnson 2000:359]
Synonyms
Kugu/Wik Nganhcara
Wikngenchera
Wik Ngandjara
Ngandjara
Wik
Wiknantjara
Wikatinda
Wik Ompom
Wikampama
Wik Kalkan
Wik Ngathara
Wik Epa
Wikepa
Wik Meanha
Wikmean
Wiknatanja
Mimungkum
Wik Mungkana
Nantjara
Ngantjeri
Wik nantjara
Wik Natjerra
Wik Ngencherra
Wik Nganhcara
Wik Ngantjera
Wiknantyara
Kugu Nganychara
Comment
Language comment
Smith and Johnson use the language name Kugu Nganhcara to describe six closely related patrilects: Kugu Muminh Y43, Kugu Uwanh Y176, Kugu Ugbanh Y175, Kugu Mu'inh Y224, Kugu Yi'anh Y178 and Wik Iyanh Y172. Their grammar of Kugu Nganhcara is based primarily on Kugu Uwanh Y176 (2000:358). This macro-group label is also known as Wik-Ngencherr in some Wik languages (Sutton, 2001:458).
References

Smith, Ian, and Steve Johnson. 2000. Kugu Nganhcara. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 5, eds R. M. W. Dixon and Barry J. Blake, 355-489. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
... between Kendall River and Moonkan Creek. Today, it is spoken chiefly at Edward River and Aurukun (Smith & Johnson 2000). Between mouths of the Holroyd River (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
----
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available - unclear status
Grammar: 
Smith, Ian & Johnson, Steve. 2000. Kugu Nganhcara. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 5, eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 355-489. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Dictionary: 
Smith, Ian & Johnson, Steve. Kugu Nganchara, ASEDA 0021
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Michael Winnington Martin, Peter Sutton
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganPamanMiddle PamaWikngenchera, Wik-Ngandjara (Ngandjara)Wikngenchera [dialects: Related to Wikngathara (Wikalkan).], Wikalkan [dialects: Wik-Ngandjara (Ngandjara), Ngadanja.]
Dixon (2002)NORTH CAPE YORK SUBGROUP*Wik subgroup*Kugu/Wik-NganhcaraKugu-Muminh (Wik-Muminh) (or Kugu/Wik-Nganhcara) Smith and Johnson (2000) further dialects (all preceded by Kugu/Wik-): Mu'inh, Uwanh, Ugbanh, Yi'anh, Mangk, Iyanh
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMiddle PamaWik Ngandjara
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMiddle PamaWik Ngandjara
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)