Y61: Flinders Island (retired)

AIATSIS code: 
Y61
AIATSIS reference name: 
Flinders Island (retired)

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Mutumui (Walmbaria)
Ethnologue name
Flinders Island
ISO 639-3 code
fln
Tindale name
Walmbaria
Thesaurus heading language
Flinders Island language Y67
Thesaurus heading (old)
Walmbaria / Gambilmugu language (Y61) (Qld SD55-09)
Tindale (1974)
Walmbar, Yalnga-bar (Yalnga = Cape Melville).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
flin1247
Other sources
Wurima [Sutton 1970]
Synonyms
Oko Wurriima, Flinders Island, Mutumui, Walmbaria, Itu, Ambydher, Kokomiabilo, Mairughan, Manpirlmung wa, Mbambylmu, Mbyrlmurl, Miabilo, Pipon Island, Wurima, Walmbar, Yalnga bar
Comment
Comments: 
The Austlang reference name for code Y61 was Flinders Island language but the Languages Thesaurus heading was Walmbaria / Gambilmugu language and people. See and use Y67 for Flinders Island language; See and use Y147 for Walmbaria people; See and use Y62 for Gambilmugu people. See also Ithu people Y228. Walmbaria is listed as a language name by (Oates, 1970:201) and by Tindale (1974:187) spoken on and near Flinders Island. It has the same referents as Walmbarddha Y147. Sutton indicates Walmbaria is based on a Flinders Island language term 'Aba Walmbarriya' referring to all (other) peoples of Princess Charlotte Bay but excluding Flinders Island people (1993:32). Tindale and Hale (1933:69) wrote that Walmbaria people lived on Flinders Island and Bathurst Head and spoke Yalgawarra. Yalgawarra is not a language, it refers to a clan affiliated with Flinders Island language Y67 (Sutton, 1993:33).
References: 
  • Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1979. Australian language names. In Australian linguistic studies, ed. S. A. Wurm, 87-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1993. The Flinders Islands and Melville National Parks Land Claim. MS 3813 Vol.1.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Flinders Island
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island Flinders Island
Dixon (2002) SOUTH-EAST CAPE YORK PENINSULA GROUP Bathurst Head group Flinders Island language (or Oko Wurriima) Flinders Island language (or Oko Wurriima)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island Flinders Island
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island Flinders Island
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island Flinders Island, Pipon Island
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)