Y64: Pakanh

AIATSIS Code: 
Y64
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Pakanh

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Bakanh
Ethnologue name
Pakanha
ISO 639-3 code
pkn
Tindale name
Ajabakan
Thesaurus heading
Pakanh / Bakanh language (Y64) (Qld SD54-12)
Tindale (1974)
Aiabakan, Bakanu, Baganu.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
paka1251
Other sources
Bakanha, Yir Mayan (by the Yir Yoron), Uw Ayan (by Kunjen) [Sommer 1969] (Koko-) Jan (Koko-Bera name) [Capell 1963:Y62] YirrqMayvn (Yir-Yoront name), Uw-Ayan (Uw-Oykangand name) [Alpher 2006 p.c.]
Synonyms
Bakanha
Ayabakan
u
Pakanha
Bakanh
Ajabakan
Ajabatha
Aiabakan
Aw Ayan
Baganu
Bakanu
Gugu Jan
Jan
Kokojan
Pakanhu
Yir Mayan
Uw Ayan
Comment
Language comment
Bakanha (Y64) is called Koko Jan Y96 by the Koko-Bera Y85; Yir Mayan by the Yir Yoront Y72 name and Uw Ayan by the Kunjen Y83 (Sommer, 1969:5). It was also known as Aiabakan by Sharpe, i.e. Aya Pakanh "Pakanh language" (1938/1939 in Verstraete and Rigsby 2015:14). Smith and Johnson speculate that Pakanh is likely to be a Wik language, but certainly not one of the Nganhcara Y59 group (2000:363). Rigsby (in Sonnaert) agrees with this, describing Western Ayapathu Y181, Pakanh and Wik Mungkan as a family-like language (in Sonnaert, 2013:5). Sutton describes Pakanh and Ayapathu as dialects of a single language and genetically linked to the Wik family (in Rigsby 2001, in Sonnaert, 2013:5).
References

Smith, Ian, and Steve Johnson. 2000. Kugu Nganhcara. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 5, eds R. M. W. Dixon and Barry J. Blake, 355-489. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Sommer, Bruce. 1969. Kunjen phonology: Synchronic and diachronic. In Pacific Linguistics B-11, Wurm, SA, DC Laycock and CL Voorhoeve eds. Canberra: Australian National University.
Sonnaert, Jolijn . 2013. Pakanh - An Analysis Based on Recordings made by Bruce Sommer. Master of Arts thesis. University of Leuven.
Verstraete, Jean-Christophe and Bruce Rigsby. 2015. A grammar and lexicon of Yintyingka. Boston : De Gruyter Mouton.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
Headwaters of Holroyd & Edward Rivers (Oates 1975:277). Upper Edward River (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
----
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
Check Pakanha : [transcription of tape A3376b]
Grammar: 
Dictionary: 
Hamilton, Philip. Pakanh material, ASEDA 0573. (Archived webpage) Pakanh Alphabetical Search Indix (dictionary): http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/13779/20020506-0000/www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/2970/pakalpha.htm
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Philip Hamilton, Bruce Sommer
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganPamanMiddle PamaPakanha
Dixon (2002)NORTH CAPE YORK SUBGROUP*Wik subgroup*Bakanha (or Ayabakan(u))Bakanha (or Ayabakan(u))
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganPamanPakanha
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganPamanMiddle PamaPakanha
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMiddle PamaBaganu
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMiddle PamaBakanha
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)