Y72: Yir Yoront

AIATSIS Code: 
Y72
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Yir Yoront

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Cape York Peninsula Languages, nec (Yir Yoront)
Horton Name
Yir Yoront
Ethnologue name
Yir Yoront
ISO 639-3 code
yiy
Tindale name
Jirjoront
Thesaurus heading
Yir Yoront language (Y72) (Qld SD54-15)
Tindale (1974)
Yir Yoront, Yir-yiront, Kokomindjan (valid alternative with the accentuation as given above), KokoMindjin, Kokominjan, KokoMandjoen, Koko-manjoen, KokoMinjen, Koka-mungin.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yir? Yoront, Kokomindjin, Kokomandjoen, Kokominjen
Glottocode
yiry1245
Other sources
Kuuk-Thawvnhon and Koko-Minychéna (Kuuk-Thaayorre names for Yir Yoront), Yirr-Yorront, YirrqYorront and Yirrq-Thuch (Yir Yoront names for themselves), Kok-Minychéna (Koko Bera name for Yir Yoront [Alpher 2006 p.c.)
Synonyms
Yirr Yorront
Yirr Thutjim
Cape York Peninsula Languages
Jir Joront
Dangedl
Dhanuun
Djudjan
Dudjym
Gorminag
Gwandera
Jirjoront
JirJorond
Jir djudjam
Jir Jirond
Jirmel
Koka mungin
Koko manjoen
KokoMandjoen
Kokomindjan
Kokomindjen
KokoMindjin
Kokominjan
KokoMinjen
Mandjoen
Mel Jir
Millera
Mindjana
Mindjen
Mindjin
Mundjun
Mynduno
NgambaWandh
YirThangedl
Yir yiront
Yir Yorond
Yirmel
Yirtangettle
Yirtutiym
Kokomindjin
Kokomandjoen
Kokominjen
Kuuk Thawvnhon
Koko Minychéna
YirrqYorront
Yirrq Thuch
Kok Minychéna
Comment
Language comment
Yir-Yoront speakers belong to clans associated with estates, affiliation is patrilineal; there was continuity of social and political relationships with Kuuk-Thaayorre Y69 to the north and Yirrg+mayn (Bakanh) Y64 to the northwest. Most Yir-Yiront speakers now live at Kowanyama and some at Pormpuraaw, which lie just outside Yir-Yoront country. Various pronunications of the language name include Yirr-Yoront (main stress on first syllable of second element); Yirrq+Yorront (main stress on first syllable of first element), or Yirrq-Yirront; alternation between yirrq-yirr is regular. Yirrq+Yirront is a compound yirrq 'speech, language, group' and yorront, which has various interpretations, the most compelling from 'yorr' sand (of sandridges) and refers to people of the western (seaward) fringe of this country; an alternative name for this group and language is Yirr-Thuchm from thuch 'sandridge'. Neighbouring people (inland up the Mitchell River) speak Kin-Kopl, a variety of Yir-Yoront; some of the Kin-Kopl groups were originally speakers of Yirrk-Thangalkl Y214, described as a sister dialect of Yir-Yoront (Alpher, 1991:3-4).
References

Alpher, Barry. 100 word list for Australian languages ; Wik Mungkany, Yir Yiront and Yir Thangedl. PMS 14.
Alpher, Barry. 1973. Son of ergative: the Yir Yoront language of northeast Australia, Cornell University: PhD. (MS 77).
Alpher, Barry. 1991. Yir-Yoront lexicon: sketch and dictionary of an Australian language: Trends in Linguistics, Documentation 6. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
The territory of these people lies in northeastern Queensland, on the west coast of Cape York Peninsula, near the mouth of the Mitchell River, approximately between 15 and 15.15 south latitude. Most of the speakers of the language now live just south of their original territory, at the Mitchell River settlement (until May 1967 a Church of England Mission) (Alpher 1973:1). He gives the "main Yir Yoront" as living on the Coleman River and the northern half of Wallaby Island. Of these, the people living closest to the beach are known as pamlopm. The Yir Tjutjm are given as living on the southern part of Wallaby Island, the Kin Kopol to the east of the North Mitchell River, and the Yir Thangedl at the mouth of the South Mitchell River. People who characterize themselves as Yir Tjutjm say their territory is "Main Mitchell", or near the mouth of the Main Mitchell. Those designated by others as Kin Kopol usually refer to themselves as Yir Tjutjm, and apply the term Kin Kopol to groups father east, like the Yir Mayin (Alpher 1973:5). About mouth of Coleman River and the three widely separated mouths of the Mitchell River, extending along the coast between them and inland to about the limits of tidal waters. (Tindale) Most speakers of Yir-Yoront currently live at the settlement Kowanyama (formerly Mitchell River Missioin) a few live just to the north at Pormpuraaw (formerly Edward River Mission). Both settlements are former Anglican missions; both lie just outside traditional Yir-Yoront country (Alpher 1991:1)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
15
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLarge (more than 200 pages)4
Text CollectionLarge (more than 200 pages)4
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Alpher, Barry. 1973. Son of ergative: the Yir Yoront language of northeast Australia, Cornell University: PhD.
Dictionary: 
Alpher, Barry. 1991. Yir-Yoront lexicon : sketch and dictionary of an Australian language. Berline: Mouton de Gruyter.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Barry Alpher, Donald Emerson Crim
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganPamanYir YorontYir YorontYir Yoront [dialects: Dangedl (Dhanu'un, Djudjan, Dudjym), Gorminang, Jir'jorond (Jirmel Mel-Jir, Ngamba'wandh, Yirmel, Yirtangettle, Yir Thangedl, Yirtutiym).]
Dixon (2002)WESTERN CAPE YORK PENINSULA AREAL GROUPCoastal southwest Pama groupYir-Yoront (Yirr-Yorront, or Yirr-Thutjim)Yir-Yoront (Yirr-Yorront, or Yirr-Thutjim) Alpher (1991) further dialects: Yirrk-Thangalkl (=Yirr(k)-Mel)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganPamanYir Yoront
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganPamanWestern PamaYir Yoront
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWestern PamaYir Yorond
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricWestern PamaYir Yoront (Koko Mindjan)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricWestern PamaJir Joront