Y78: KUKU YALANJI

AIATSIS code: 
Y78
AIATSIS reference name: 
KUKU YALANJI

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Name
ABN name
Kuku-Yalanji language
ABS name
Kuku Yalanji
Horton name
Kuku-yalanji
Ethnologue name
Kuku-Yalanji
ISO 639-3 code
gvn
Tindale name
Kokojelandji
Thesaurus heading language
Kuku Yalanji language Y78
Thesaurus heading (old)
Kuku Yalanji / Gugu Yalandji language (Y78) (Qld SD55-13)
Tindale (1974)
Kokoyellanji, Gugu-Jalandji, Gugu-Yalanji, Koko Yerlandji, Koko-yerlantji, Koko-yerlantchi, Kooka-alanji, Kokalungie, Koko Katji (of Kokojelandji).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kuku Yalandji, Kokoyellanji, Koko-Yerlandji, Kokoyerlantji, Kokolerlantchi
Glottocode
kuku1273
Other sources
Kuku Yalaja [Patz 2002:3]
Synonyms
Kuku Yalanji, Kuku Yalaja, Kuku Yelandji, Kuku yalanji, Djankun, Jungkurara, Kokojelandji, Kokokulunggur, Kokowalandja, Muluridji, Wakara, Wulpura, Booroorar, Cangoora, Chokonara, Cuegudira, Djiling, Gugu Jalandji, Gugu Yalandji, Gugu Yalanji, Gumbo, Gumbu, Jal:a, Jelanji, Jiling Juliacara, Junkara, Kokalungie, KokoJelandji, Koko Yerlandji, Koko yalanji, Koko yerlandji, Koko yerlandtji, Koko yerlantchi, Koko yerlantji, Kokolerlaatchi, Kokolunge, Kokoyellanji, Kooka alanji, Kuku Yalandji, Kyahara, Lerlantchi, Moorara, Nooroorarra, Tchoolooorara, Tondayara, Walparara, Yalampa, Yalandji, Yalandyi, Yallar, Yelandji, Yiling, Yoon koor ara, Yunkurara, Koko Jelandji, Kokoyerlantji, Kokolerlantchi, Gugu Yalandyi, Koko Katji
Comment
Comments: 
According to Patz (2002:3-5), Kuku Yalanji has been adopted as the cover term for a language that has about a dozen dialects: Gugu Bididji Y86, eastern Kuku Yalanji or Gugu Buyunji Y87, Gugu Jangkun Y109, (Kokokulungkur Y103), Gugu Nyungkul Y90, (Kuku Tyungay, Junkurara Y89), Wakura Y104, Kuku Jakanji Y161, western Kuku Yalanji or Kuku Yalaja Y163, Muluridji Y97, Wagaman Y233, Wulpura Y98. Note however that Anderson (1996) uses the term Kuku Yalanji in a different way; to refer to the nineteen or so clans that occupied the immediate Bloomfield River valley. See also Kuku Walandja Y81, Gugu Yanyu Y92, Gugu Dyilin Y159 and China Camp Y158, which is a variety of Muluridji Y97. .
References: 
  • Anderson, Christopher. 1996. Traditional material culture of the Kuku-Yalanji of Bloomfield River, north Queensland. Records of the South Australian Museum 29(1):63-83.
  • Patz, Elisabeth. 1982. A grammar of the Kuku Yalanji language of north Queensland, Australian National University: PhD. (MS 1826).
  • Patz, Elizabeth. 2002. A grammar of the Kuku Yalanji language of north Queensland: Pacific Linguistics 527. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Speakers of the Kuku Yalanji language traditionally inhabited an area of over 2000 sq km extending from the Mossman River in the south to the Annan River in the north, bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the east and extending inland to presumably just west of Mt Mulgrave (Patz 2002:6). Head of Palmer River, cast from Palmerville to Mount Lukin; south and west of the Dividing Range to upper Mitchell River; at Maytown; east to Byerstown (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
SIL produced several materials in 70's and 80's. Bible translation work has been carried out by Wycliffe Bible Translators.
People: 
Qawanji Vincent J. Brady, Henry Hershberger, Ruth Hershberger, Lynette Oates, Wililam Oates, Elisabeth Patz
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate300
1990Schmidt300
1996Census256
2001Census203
2004NILS23
2005Estimate-
2006Census360
2011Census254
2016Census323

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Patz, Elisabeth. 2002. A grammar of the Kuku Yalanji language of north Queensland. Pacific Linguistics 527. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Patz, Elisabeth. 1982. A grammar of the Kuku Yalanji language of north Queensland (the eastern Kuku Yalanji dialect and Kuku Nyungkul), Australian National University: PhD.

Dictionary: 
Oates, Lynette. 1992. Kuku-Yalanji dictionary. Albury, NSW:Graeme van Brummelen.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yalandyic Kuku-Yalanji Kuku-Yalanji [dialects: Kuku-Nyungkul, Kuku-Biraji]
Dixon (2002) Kuku-Yalanji, Kuku-Yalaja (or Kuku-Yelandji), Kuku-Yalanji Patz (1982) further dialects: Kuku-Njungkul, Kuku-Bididji, Kuku-Dungay, Kuku- Buyundji, Kuku-Kulunggur, Kuku-Yalaja (or Kuku-Yelandji), Koko-Walandja, (Kuku-)Wakura, (Kuku-) Wakaman, (Kuku-)Djangun, (Kuku-) Muluridji, Kuku-Jakandji
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yalandic Gugu Yalandyi
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yalandyic Gugu Yalandyi
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yalanjic Gugu Yalanji
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Yalanjic (or Family) Gugu Yalanji (Koko Yelandji)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Eastern Pama Koko Jelandji