A63: Waringari

AIATSIS code: 
A63
AIATSIS reference name: 
Waringari

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
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Horton name
Ngarti (Waringari)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
-
Thesaurus heading language
Waringari language A63
Thesaurus heading (old)
Waringari language (A63) (WA SF52-02)
Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
Waiangara
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Ngarti, Ngardi, Waiangara
Comment
Comments: 
Both Hudson and Vaszolyi agree this is a geographical name, not a language name (Oates 1975:136); however there are recordings and manuscripts described as Waringari, so it is included in the Thesaurus.
References: 
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 
-
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Ngaanyatjarra (A38 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).

Ngarinman

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Ngarinman (AC,SAW,O'G,RLS,AIAS), Waringari (AIAS) (not a language name,, according to Hudson, Vaszolyi) Waringari has been grouped with Wanjira. See Jaru for information on Wanjira.
Classification of the language:
Northern Western Desert Type, Ngumbin subgroup, (eastern Kimberleys) (Waringari, A.063)
Identification codes:
Oates '73: 59.5 (Waringari, 59.3b)
AIAS: C.027 (Waringari, A63)
Capell: C21 (Waringari, A38)
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Victoria River Downs, Yaralin outstation of VRD, Humbert River, eastern Kimberleys
Milliken, 1972 -- 171
Black, 1979 -- up to 170
People who have worked intensively on the language:
None.
Practical orthography:
None; Gurindji may be suitable.
Word lists:
Capell, Leeding.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Capell (brief).
Material available on the language:
Breen, J.G. 1972. (recordings of a few songs)
Capell, A. Ngarinman vocabulary. 21p. ts. Sydney. (about 500 words, Ngarinman-English)
---------- 1940. The classification of languages in north and north-west Australia. Oceania 10.3:241-272, 10.4:404-433. tbls. maps. (brief comparative vocabularies, grammatical
study, outline phonetics)
Douglas, Wilfrid H. 1976. Comment on the paper "Metamorphosis and process in Kitja". Talanaya 3:37-43.
Leeding, Velma J. 1971. Gurindji and Ngarinman word lists. 15p. ts. SIL.
---------- 1971. Word lists: Mudbura and Ngarinman. 14p. ts. SIL. (p 10707, AIAS)
---------- 1973. Observations on Ngarinman phonology and grammar. 21p. ts. SIL.
Nekes, H. & E.A. Worms. 1953. Australian languages. Fribourg: Anthropos-Institut. Micro-Bibliotheca Anthropos vol.10. 1059p.
Literacy material:
None.

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Pantikura (A76* ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

8.13 Wanyjirra / Wandjira

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Wandjira (AIAS, Capell, Oates, Tsunoda, Wurm), Wanjira (Wurm), Wanjira:, Wanyjirra (Black & Walsh, KLS, McConvell), Mulbera (Kaberry, alternate name), Waringari (Oates, alternate name), Waiangara (Peile)
Wanjira is grouped with Waringari in Oates (1973). It is, however, doubtful whether Waringari is a language name; more likely it is the pan-eastern Kimberley word waringarri which means 'a big group of people'. According to McConvell (1985:98), Wanyjirra is very similar to Gurindji; indeed, remarks on pages 107 and 108 of his article seem to suggest that Gurindji and Wanyjirra are in a dialectal relationship.
Classification of the language:
Northern Western Desert type, Ngumpin subgroup
Identification codes:
AIAS: K21
Oates 1973: 59.3b
Capell: K3
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Traditionally, between Upper Baines and Ord Rivers.
Milliken estimates about 50 speakers in the NT, Inverway, Wave Hill.
Milliken (1972) - 54
Black (1979 ) - about 50
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Tsunoda, late 1970s, collected some information on the language during the course of his intensive investigation of Jaru in Halls Creek.
McConvell, 1975-1980, collected some information on the language in the Victoria River region.
Practical orthography:
None established. The South Kimberley orthography or some variant would be suitable.
Word lists:
None
Textual material:
None
Grammar or sketch grammar:
None
Material available on the language:
McConvell, P. 1985. Domains and codeswitching among bilingual Aborigines. In Clyne, M. (ed.), Australia, meeting place of languages. Canberra: PL, C-92. 95-125.
Tsunoda, T. 1975-1979. [Djaru field notes.] 24 parts. manuscript. AIAS Ms 1381. (A1;B4).
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Northern Western Desert Type Ngumbin (Eastern Kimberleys) Waringari
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Ngumbin Waringari
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Ngumbin Waringari