A94: Witjaari

AIATSIS code: 
A94
AIATSIS reference name: 
Witjaari

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Whadjuk (Witja:ri)
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Wadjuk, Wadjug, Whajook (['whad] = ['wada] = ['juad] = [i:wat] == no), Witja:ri, Wadjup (name of the flats of the Canning River), Juadjuk, Yooard, Yooadda, Minaln-junga: (Juat term ['minang] = south, ['njunga:] = man), Minnal Yungar, Derbal (a name for general locality of Perth), Karakata (a name for Perth), Caractterup tribe, Karrakatta (bank of Swan River at Perth), Ilakuri wongi (name applied to language).
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Whadjuk, Wadjuk, Wadjug, Whajook, Witja:ri, Wadjup, Juadjuk, Yooard, Yooadda, Minaln junga:, Minnal Yungar, Derbal, Karakata, Caractterup tribe, Karrakatta, Ilakuri wongi
Comment
Comments: 
There is a word list collected by Tindale (no.137, Witja:ri) but it seems that Tindale later decided to call this language Whadjuk W9 and he lists Witja:ri as an alternative name of Whadjuk. However, the comparison of his word list to other Whadjuk word lists available indicates they are word lists of different languages. According to Blevins (2001:5), the Nhanda W14 word 'wicaa' means 'far out, a long way off, further out' and she suspects that Wicaa-ri (Witjaari) could be the Nhanda W14 name for the language/group beyond the southern boundary of Nhanda territory.
References: 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia: Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
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Maps: 
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   MOORE RIVER TO GASCOYNE RIVER GROUP Watjarri/Parti-maya subgroup* Witjaari Witjaari
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975)          
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)