D30: Kullilli

AIATSIS code: 
D30
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kullilli

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
-
Horton name
Kullilla
Ethnologue name
Ngura [Kalali]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kalali
Thesaurus heading language
Kullilli language D30
Thesaurus heading (old)
Galali / Kullilli language (D30) (Qld SH55-01)
Tindale (1974)
Galali, Kullalli, Kullally, Kalili (? typographical error).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kullali, Kullally
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Galali, Ngura, Kullilla, Bitjara, Kalali, Minkabari, Garlali, Kalili, Kullali, Kullalli, Kullally, Karlali, Kalali
Comment
Comments: 
According to McDonald and Wurm (1979:1) and Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:287), there are two varieties of Galali, one which McDonald and Wurm refer to as Wa?kumara (Ga?ali) D71, associated with languages of the Wilson River and another, associated with the Bulloo River about which Breen has collected data (1971:13). The Bulloo River Galali (D30) is classified as a 'Karna-Mari fringe language ... a discontinuous group of languages, mostly poorly attested, scattered between Karnic and Mari languages but not showing much connection with either or with one another. The only one well attested is also the most remote geographically, Kalkutungu.' (Breen, 2007:180) McDonald and Wurm (1979:2) suspect that Galali D71 was originally from the Bulloo River but some speakers moved to the Wilson River where they adopted features of the Wilson River languages. Wa?kumara (Ga?ali) associated with the Wilson River D71 is very close to modern Wa?kumara L68 and Bundamara L26 (McDonald and Wurm 1979:1) and can thus be classified as a Karnic language (Bowern 2001:257; Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:287). Previously these two language varieties were conflated under the same code, D30, based on McDonald and Wurm's suspicion that they were originally the same. However, given that this is not established fact and that, synchronically, the two are sufficiently different to be classified as belonging to different language families, they are now distinguished in this database and the Thesaurus. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:287) identify the Kalali data in Holmer's (1988) study of Punthamarra L26 as the Bulloo River variety (D30).
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. In Linguistic Communications 5, 1-88. Melbourne: Monash University.
  • Breen, Gavan. 2007. Reassessing Karnic. Australian Journal of Linguistics 27(2):175-199.
  • Bowern, Claire. 2001. Karnic classification revisited. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 245-261. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Holmer, Nils Magnus. 1988. Notes on some Queensland languages: Pacific Linguistics D-79. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • McDonald, Maryalyce, and Stephen A. Wurm. 1979. Basic materials in Wangkumara (Galali): grammar, sentences and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics B-65. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
At Bulloo Downs; north to Orient, west to Grey Range; east to Clyde, south to Bulloo Lake floodplain)and Kalali (Eulo west to Thargomindah and Bulloo River; upstream to Norley; south to Orient, Clyde, and Curra-winya) (Tindale 1974) The location in Bowern (2001) roughly matches the locations of Bitjara in Tindale (1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Claire Bowern, Gavan Breen, Janet Mathews,
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesexist
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

McDonald, Maryalyce.1979. Basic materials in Wankumara (Galali): grammars, sentences and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics B65. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Ngura [Kalali] Ngura [dialects: Punthamara (Bundhamara), Kalali (Galali, Garlali), Wongkumara (Wangkumara, Wangumarra), Badjiri, Bidjara, Dhiraila, Garandala, Mambangura, Mingbari, Ngurawarla, Yarumarra. Walsh list the dialects as separate languages.]
Dixon (2002) LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUP South-west Queensland group Galali Galali
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Garlali
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Garlali
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Garlali
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Ngura Kalali
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Ngura Kalali