D33: Kooma / Guwamu

AIATSIS code: 
D33
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kooma / Guwamu

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Kooma
Ethnologue name
Guwamu
ISO 639-3 code
gwu
Tindale name
Koamu
Thesaurus heading language
Kooma / Gwamu language D33
Thesaurus heading (old)
Guwamu / Kooma language (D33) (Qld SH55-03)
Tindale (1974)
Kuamu, Kuam, Guamu, Guwamu, Oamu (valid variant by a man of the tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Guamu, Kuam, Kaombal
Glottocode
guwa1243
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Guwamu, Koamu, Culgoa, Goamu, Gowamu, Gruwamu, Guamu, Kaombal, Kuam, Kuamu, Oamu
Comment
Comments: 
According to Breen (2006 p.c.), from the location of Kogai D38 given by Ridley (1875) and Mathews (1904), it appears 'Kogai tribes' might include Guwamu (Kooma) (D33). In this database, Kooma / Gwamu is treated as a potential dialect of Kogai D38 and is thus classified as a Maric language. Sim (1967) briefly mentions two dialects of Guwamu (D33), differentiated by the loss of 'hard consonants', especially 'g' word-initially, in the northern dialect. He says the northern dialect is called 'N?ragir?u' and the southern dialect, 'B?r?bgir?i' (B?r?? Low). On the line in between these two names appears a comment, 'Known as Gugei people'. It is not clear whether this applies only to the northern dialect or to both. Either way, it would seem to correlate with Breen's observation about the identity of Kogai D38.
References: 
  • Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1905. Ethnological notes on the Aboriginal tribes of Queensland. Royal Geographical Society of A/Asia, Queensland Branch -- Proceedings 20:49-75.
  • Ridley, William. 1875. Kámilarói, and other Australian languages, second edition, revised and enlarged by the author, with comparative tables of words from twenty Australian languages, and songs, traditions, laws and customs of the Australian race. Sydney: Thomas Richards, Government Printer.
  • Sim, Ian M. 1967. Material on Guwamu, Yualayi and Murawari languages recorded at Goodooga. (MS 5018)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
South of St. George on the Balonne River to Angledool, Hebel, and Brenda; west to Bollon and Nebine Creek; at Dirranbandi (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen, Janet Mathews
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Maric Guwamu
Dixon (2002) GREATER MARIC GROUP Maric proper subgroup Guwamu Bidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Maric Guwamu
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Guwamu
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Guwamu
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Guwamu
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Koamu