D44: Mandandanji

AIATSIS code: 
D44
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mandandanji

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Mandandanji
Ethnologue name
Mandandanyi
ISO 639-3 code
zmk
Tindale name
Mandandanji
Thesaurus heading language
Mandandanji language D44
Thesaurus heading (old)
Mandandanji language (D44) (Qld SG55-16)
Tindale (1974)
Mundaeinbura, Mundainbara, Kogai, Cogai, 'Fishing Net people.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
mand1417
Other sources
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Synonyms
Mandandanjdji, Mandandanyi, Mandandandji, Manandanyi, Mundaeinbura, Mundainbara, Kogai, Cogai, Fishing Net people, Maranoa Gunggari, Eastern Gunggari
Comment
Comments: 
According to Breen (2006 p.c.), Mandandanyi (D44), Gunggari D37 and Kogai D38 could all refer to the same language, spoken roughly in the area where Tindale located Mandandanji and Kunggari D37. The names Gunggari and possibly Kogai originate in a Wangkumara L25 word for 'east', 'kungkari', while Mandandanyi comes from the word 'manda' meaning 'go', a word found in the Maranoa-Balonne-Nebine area. From the location of Kogai D38 given by Ridley (1875) and Mathews (1904), it appears 'Kogai tribes' might include Guwamu (Kooma) D33. Tindale uses Kogai D38 as the name of the language spoken by the Mandandanji, Kunggari D37 and Barrungam D40, but Kite (2004) treats Barunggam as a dialect of Waga-Waga E28. In this database, Kogai is treated as a language name and Mandandanyi D44, Gunggari D37 and Guwamu D33 are treated as potential dialects of Kogai, although as Breen says, these terms could just be alternative names of Kogai. Tindale says that the Mandandanji were amalgamated with the Kunggari D37 in the early days of white occupation. Mandandanyi (D44), an alternative spelling of Tindale's spelling of Mandandanji, provides a better guide to the original pronunciation (Breen, p.c. April 2019).
References: 
  • Kite, Suzanne, and Stephen A. Wurm. 2004. The Duungidjawu language of southeast Queensland: grammar, texts and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics 553. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1904. Language, organization and initiation ceremonies of the Kogai tribes, Queensland. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 36(1):28-38.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Ridley, William. 1875. Kámilarói, and other Australian languages, second edition, revised and enlarged by the author, with comparative tables of words from twenty Australian languages, and songs, traditions, laws and customs of the Australian race. Sydney: Thomas Richards, Government Printer.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Maranoa and Balonne rivers north of St. George; west to Bollon and Wallam Creek; north to Donnybrook, Orallo, Yuleba, and the Dividing Range; east to Alton and Glenmorgan; at Mitchell, Roma, and Surat (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mandandanyi
Dixon (2002) GREATER MARIC GROUP Maric proper subgroup Mandandanjdji Bidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mandandanyi
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Mandandanyi
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Mandandandji
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Manandanyi
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Mandandanji