E32: GOORENG GOORENG

AIATSIS code: 
E32
AIATSIS reference name: 
GOORENG GOORENG

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
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Horton name
Gureng Gureng
Ethnologue name
Gureng Gureng
ISO 639-3 code
gnr
Tindale name
Korenggoreng
Tindale (1974)
Koreng-koreng (['koreng] = no), Gureng-gureng Curang-gurang, Gurang-gurang, Goorang-goorang, Gurang, Kooranga, Kurranga.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Curanggurang, Guranggurang, Gooranggorang, Korrengkorreng
Glottocode
gure1255
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Gureng Gureng, Goeng, Koreng Goreng, Taribulung, Tulua, Corine, Curang Curang, Curang gurang, Goonine, Goorang Goorang, Gurang, Gurang Gurang, Kooranga, Koreng, Koreng Koreng, Korenggoreng, Korrengkorreng, Korrlup, Kuriny, Kurranga, Maroonee, Meeroni, Meerooni, Qualup tribe, Warangu, Wide Bay tribe, Yamma, YungkonoCaracterrup, Goreng Goreng, Curanggurang, Guranggurang, Gooranggorang, Gurenggureng, Koreng koreng, Gureng gureng Curang gurang, Gurang gurang, Goorang goorang
Comment
Comments: 

Brasch describes two varieties of Gureŋ Gureŋ (E32), a light dialect probably spoken down-river, probably along the middle Burnett and distinguished from a 'heavy' dialect by the rhotics (r sounds) which are not as strongly flapped; stress is not as prominent; the vowels are longer; the palatal /dj/ phoneme in initial position is sometimes realised as /d/; and the final nasal of tense inflections is dropped (1975:2A). Gureŋ Gureŋ (E32) shares a class system with Wakka E28, with four classes and two moieties, and is a member of the Wakka-Kabic group of languages. Although these languages have some lexical differences they are phonologically, morphologically and syntactically similar (Brasch, 1975:2A-3A).

Holmer indicates that the languages of the Wakka Group are divisible into two subgroups; a western group including Wakka-Wakka E28, Barungggam D40 and Wuli-Wuli E89 and an eastern group including Goreng-Goreng (E32), Goeng-Goeng E36, Kabi-Kabi E29 and Batjala E30. Goreng-Goreng and Goeng-Goeng are closely related (Holmer, 1983:1). Brasch disagrees with aspects of this classification, she indicates that Gureŋ Gureŋ is syntactically and phonologically similar to Wakka Wakka. Major languages of the Wakka-Kabic Group include Kabi E29, Goinbal, Duŋidjaw E20, Yagara E23, Badjala E30 and Gureŋ (E32) (1975:5E).

Breen describes Daribalang E33 and Guweng-Guweng E36 as a dialects of Gureng-Gureng (E32) (2009:247).

 

References: 
  • Brasch, Sarah. 1975. Gureŋ Gureŋ A language of the Upper Burnett River south-east Queensland. BA Hons sub-thesis, Australian National University (MS 110).
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
  • Holmer, Nils Magnus. 1983. Linguistic survey of south-eastern Queensland: Pacific Linguistics D-54. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Jolley, Lesley. 1994. A language program feasibility study. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies Unit; Research Report Series. University of Queensland.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 

The Gureng lived to the north of the Waga-waga in an area roughly bounded by Eidsvold, Monto, Bustard's Head and Woodgate (Kite and Wurm 2004:7).

Connected with the Bundaberg or Gladstone areas also Woodgate and Mount Perry (Holmer 1983:2).

East bank of upper Burnett River from Mundubbera north to Monto and Many Peaks (Tindale 1974). The Gureŋ Gureŋ language was spoken along the reaches of the Upper Burnett River and northwards from Gayndah in south-east Queensland ... going northward from Gayndah to the coast at Bundaberg, along the coast to Rodd's Bay (in the north), westwards from here to Biloela and then due south to about Hawkwood - an area of approximately 24,500 square kilometres (Brasch, 1975).

 

Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Sarah Brasch, George Helon, Margaret Sharpe
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar   2?
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Brasch, Sarah. 1975. Gureng Gureng : a language of the upper Burnett River, south-east Queensland, Australian National University: BA (Hons).

Dictionary: 

Helon, George. 1994. The English - Gooreng Gooreng - English dictionary. Bundaberg, QLD.:Gurang Land Council Aboriginal Corporation.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Gureng Gureng Gureng Gureng [dialects: The Gurreng Gurreng dialect is a 'heavier' one that uses the trilled 'r'.]
Dixon (2002)   CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Waka-Gabi areal group Gureng-Gureng Gureng-Gureng Brasch (1975) further dialect: Guweng-Guweng
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic   Gureng Gureng  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Gureng Gureng  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Gurang-Gurang  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Gurenggureng (Guranggurang)  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Korenggoreng