E35: Gungabula

AIATSIS code: 
E35
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gungabula

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Name
ABN name
Gungabula language
ABS name
-
Horton name
Gungabula
Ethnologue name
Gungabula
ISO 639-3 code
gyf
Tindale name
Kongabula
Thesaurus heading language
Gungabula language E35
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gungabula language (E35) (Qld SG55-08)
Tindale (1974)
Ongabula (valid alternative), Khungabula.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ongabula, Khungabula
Glottocode
gung1248
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Kongabula, Gongabula, Khungabula, Khungabulal, Kungalburra, Ongabula
Comment
Comments: 
Breen (forthcoming paper on Biri) says that at the time of his study in the 1970s, Gungabula had merged with Bidjara E36 and the two were indistinguishable, though informants remember them being different in the past.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1973. Bidyara and Gungabula: grammar and vocabulary. In Linguistic Communications 8, 1-227. Melbourne: Monash University.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Headwaters of Injune (Hutton) Creek and Dawson River above their junction; east and north of the Great Dividing Range; south of Carnarvon Range. Their country includes the high, rough, forested areas of the Carnarvon Range (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Nekes) - unclear status
Grammar: 

Breen, Gavan. 1973. Bidyara and Gungabula : grammar and vocabulary. In Linguistic Communications no.8. 1- 227.

Dictionary: 
Breen, Gavan. 1973. Bidyara and Gungabula : grammar and vocabulary. In Linguistic Communications no.8. 1- 227.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganMaricGungabula
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupGungabulaBidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricGungabula
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGungabula
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGungabula
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKongabula
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKongabula