E90: Nalbo

AIATSIS code: 
E90
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nalbo

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Gubbi Gubbi (Nalbo)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Dalla (Nalbo)
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Njalbo, Nalboo
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Gubbi Gubbi, Dallambara, Dowarbara, Dulingbara, Kabi Kabi, Undanbi, Dalla, Ngalbu, Njalbo, Nalboo
Comment
Comments: 
The status of Nalbo is not clear. It appears that Winterbotham (1955) collected vocabulary items in Dalla E25; Tindale treats Nalbo (Njalbo, Nalboo) (E90*) as a dialect of Dalla E25 (1974:166). Steele describes Nalbo as one of groups of people whose language is Kabi E29 (1984:162). Kite and Wurm describe Nalbo (they list Ngoera E22 as an alternate spelling) as a dialect of Waga-Waga E28 (2004:4). Tindale includes writes Ngoera E22 as an alternate name for Dalla E25 (1974:166).
References: 
  • Jones, Stephen. 1990. A submerged history :Baroon, Aborigines and white invasion. Maleny, Qld.: Stephen Jones.
  • Kite, Suzanne, and Stephen A. Wurm. 2004. The Duungidjawu language of southeast Queensland: grammar, texts and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics 553. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Steele, John. 1984. Aboriginal pathways in southeast Queensland and the Richmond River. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Winterbottom, LP. 1955. Vocabularies in Dalla, Badtala, Wakka Wakka and Dungi Dau. pMS 3886.
Status: 
Potential no data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
To the east of the Dala on the Mary River Plains were the Nalbo. The eastern boundary of the Nalbo was roughly a line from Eumundi to Caboolture. The Glasshouse Mountains were part of their territory. Willi McKenzie says that the Dala and Nalbo were once enemies, but became friends after a big fight (Winterbotham 1957 as quoted by Kite and Wurm 2004:5). Eastern slopes of mountains from Eumundi south to Beerwah and Coobalture (Tindale 1974). Willie Mackenzie stated that the Nalbo had formerly lived on the Conondale Range and the Mary River plains, and that they were once at war with the Dallambara; it is therefore possible that the Dallambara drove the Nalbo from Obi Obi Creek (Steele 1983: 208)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanNgalbu (Nalbo)Waga [dialects: Wagawaga (Wakawaka), Dalla, Ngalbu (Nalbo), Dungibara, Garumga, Duungidjawu]
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)