K11: Walki

AIATSIS code: 
K11
AIATSIS reference name: 
Walki

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Kija (Walgi)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
Walki language K11
Thesaurus heading (old)
Walgi language (K11) (WA SE 52-06)
Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Walgi, Kija, Gidja, Kitja, Kuluwarrang, Lungga
Comment
Comments: 
According to McGregor (2004:40), the only available information on Walgi is a wordlist published by Ray (1897), which indicates it was a dialect of Kija K20. However, nobody seems to be able to identify this term today.
References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • McGregor, William. 1988. Handbook of Kimberley languages, vol. 1: General information: Pacific Linguistics C-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • McGregor, William. 2004. The languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
  • Ray, Sidney H. 1897. Note on the languages of north-west Australia. Journal of the Anthropological Institute 27:346-360.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Kimberley gold-fields, being bounded by the desert on the south, the Margaret River on the west, the Yamandil tribe (near the boundary of Western Australia) on the east, and the Ord River (where it crosses the Wyndham road) on the north, there touching the Munmulla or Curramulla tribe. (Rigby, in Ray 1897:347). Between upper Margaret and Ord rivers (Capell 1963).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Wangkatha (A12 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

3.4 Walgi

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Walgi (Oates & Oates, Capell), Walki (Oates & Oates, Ray), Possible alternative names:, Chualinma (Ray), Cowrana (Ray). Very little is known about this language, Ray (1897) providing the only source materials. The items given in Ray's wordlist (which was collected by an E. Rigby) clearly demonstrate that this is a dialect of Kija. However, limited discussion with Halls Creek Kija people revealed that they were unable to identify either Walgi or either of the two alternatives (see above) given by Ray. (It was suggested, however, that Walji was the name of an important cave located in Kija country, and that Chualinma might be the Walmajarri dialect Juwaliny (see section 8.10).)
Classification of the language:
Jarrakan family, probably of the Kijic group.
Identification codes:
AIAS: K11
Oates 1973: (not included) (Oates & Oates 1970: 1Kr)
Capell: K19
Present number and distribution of speakers:
None known
People who have worked intensively on the language:
No one; however, apparently an Ernest Rigby collected a short wordlist in the years 1890-1893, in Wyndham (see Ray (1897)).
Practical orthography:
None
Word lists:
Ray (1897)
Textual material:
None
Grammar or sketch grammar:
None
Material available on the language:
Ray, S. 1897. Note on the languages of north-west Australia. With Aboriginal vocabularies collected by E.B. Rigby. Royal Anthropological Institute Journal 27 (2). 346-360.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)KITJA/MIRIWUNG SUBGROUP*WalgiKitja (=Lunga, Lungga) possible further dialects: Kuluwarrang, Walgi
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Walgi
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)