K13: Nyul Nyul

AIATSIS code: 
K13
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nyul Nyul

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Kimberley Area Languages, nec (Nyul Nyul)
Horton name
Nyul Nyul
Ethnologue name
Nyulnyul
ISO 639-3 code
nyv
Tindale name
Njulnjul
Thesaurus heading language
Nyul Nyul language K13
Thesaurus heading (old)
Nyulnyul / Nyul Nyul language (K13) (WA SE 51-02)
Tindale (1974)
Njolnjol (variant), Nyolnyol, Nyulnyul, Nyul-nyul.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Njul-Njul, Nyul-Nyul, Niol-Niol, Nyolnyol
Glottocode
nyul1247
Other sources
Nyool Nyool [Bowern 2006 p.c.] Ngol-ngool, Niol niol, Njol-Njol, Nyol-Nyol, Nyool-Nyool, Nyoolnyool, NyulNyul, Nyul Nyul [<ozbib>McGregor 2011:1$7586</ozbib>]
Synonyms
Njul Njul, Kimberley Area Languages, Nyulnyul, Njulnjul, Ngulnyul, Niol Niol, Njolnjol, Nyolnyol, Nyool Nyool, NyulNyul, Nyul nyul, Yowera
Comment
Comments: 
McGregor (2011:6-7) discusses the differing boundaries of Nyulnyul (K13) country reported in various sources and presents them together in a map of the area. McGregor (2010:209) categorises Nyulnyul (K13) as one of the Western Nyulnyulan languages, along with Bardi K15, Jawi K16, Jabirrjabirr K8, Nimanburru K9 and Ngumbarl K4. He contrasts these with the Eastern Nyulnyulan languages, Nyikina K3, Warrwa K10, Yawuru K1 and Jukun K2.
References: 
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • McGregor, William B. 2010. The semantics, pragmatics and evolution of two verbless negative constructions in Nyulnyul. Oceanic Linguistics 49(1):205-232.
  • McGregor, William B. 2011. The Nyulnyul language of Dampier Land, Western Australia. Pacific Linguistics 632. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Stokes, Bronwyn. 1982. A description of Nyigina, a language of the West Kimberley, Western Australia (MFE/B52), Australian National University: PhD. (MFE/B52).
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
... around Beagle Bay (Stokes 1982:9). The general associations were to Beagle Bay. The northern side of Pender Bay is associated with Bardi Placenames on the southern side of Pender Bay indicate that this too was associated with Bardi - thus "Embalgun" (Imbalgoon) is a Bardi name, not Nyulnyul (C. Bowern p.c. according to Harvey ASEDA 802). With respect to Goodenough Bay, the available evidence concurs in associating this with Nimanburru and not with Nyulnyul. Inland limits were inferred in accordance with drainage basins. (Harvey ASEDA 802). in the vicinity of Beagle Bay, towards the tip of the Dampier Land peninsula in the far north-west of Western Australia (McGregor 2011:1).
Maps: 
  • Stokes, Bronwyn. 1982. A description of Nyigina, a language of the West Kimberley, Western Australia, Australian National University: PhD.
  • McGregor, William. 1988. Handbook of Kimberley languages, vol. 1: general information. Pacific Linguistics C-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation (ASEDA 802).
Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Wilyara (A20 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

4.4 Nyulnyul / NjulNjul / NyolNyol

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Niol-Niol (Bischofs), Niol/Niol, Niol niol (Bischofs), Niol Niol (Bischofs), Njol-Njol (Nekes & Worms), Njol Njol (Worms), Njulnjul (Capell, Metcalfe, Robinson, Tindale), Njul-njul, Njul-Njul (Oates, Capell, AIAS), Nyolnyol, Nyol-Nyol (Nekes, Worms), Nyool-Nyool (Hudson & McConvell), Nyool Nyool (Campbell & Bird), Nyoolyool (Bates), Nyulnyul (Black, Black & Walsh, O'Grady), NyulNyul (Oates & Oates), Nyul-Nyul (Kerr), Nyul Nyul (Stokes), Yowera
Classification of the language:
Nyulnyulan family
Identification codes:
AIAS: K13
Oates 1973: 49.1a
Capell: K17
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Probably only one remaining full speaker, and a few semi-speakers, who live in Broome and Derby.
Stokes - less than 10
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Fr. P. Bischofs, early 1900s, Beagle Bay
Frs. Herman Nekes and Ernest Worms 1930s to 1950s, Beagle Bay and Broome
William McGregor, 1985 onwards, Broome
Practical orthography:
None in general use. However, Torres & Williams (1987) uses the Dampier Land variant of the North Kimberley orthography.
Word lists:
Bates (nd), Bischofs (1905-1914b, nd), Capell (1940, 1966), Douglas (nd), Kerr (nd), Lands et al. (1987), Moyle (nd), Nekes (1939), Torres & Williams (1987), Worms (1938a, 1938b, 1942, 1944, 1949, 1957)
Textual material:
Capell (1949), Huegel (1938-1971), Nekes & Worms (1953), Worms (1957, 1959)
Stokes recorded two texts in the language in the late 1970s, and McGregor recorded a dozen or so short texts in 1988. None of these are as yet published.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
B (nd), Bischofs (1905-1914a), Douglas (1950), Nekes (1939), Tachon (1900)
Material available on the language:
B. nd. Premiers elements de la langue Niol/Niol. 19pp. typescript. (Only identification given on original is: Fr.B - A.S.G.S. "avec l'aide des Mss. de premiers Missionaires".) AIAS.
Bates, D.M. nd. Native vocabularies - Broome Magisterial District. typescript. Section 12, 2E:1b. ANL-MS365-52/61-104.Beagle Bay Mission. 1890-1930. [Nyol-Nyol language material.] manuscript. AIAS Ms 1.
Beagle Bay Mission. 1890-1930. [Nyol-Nyol language material.] manuscript. AIAS Ms 1. (Includes some Jawi vocabulary.)
Bischofs, P.J. 1908. Die Niol-Niol, ein eingeborenenstamm in Nordwest-Australien. Anthropos 3. 32-40.
_____ .1905-1914a. Premiers elements de la langue Niol niol. 2 pts. typescript. AIAS pMs 1418. (A1;B2).
_____ .1905-1914b. Vocabulary of the Niol niol language. 2 pts. typescript. AIAS Ms 99.
_____ .nd. Vocabulary of the Niol Niol language. 55pp. typescript. AIAS Ms 99.
Capell, A. 1940. The classification of languages in north and north-west Australia. Oceania 10. 241-272, 404-433.
_____ .1949. Some myths of the Garadjeri tribe, Western Australia. Mankind 4. 46-61, 108-125, 148-162.
_____ .1966. A new approach to Australian linguistics. (Oceania Linguistic Monographs, 1) Sydney: University of Sydney.
Douglas, W.H. 1950. Nul-nul: an Australian Aboriginal language spoken in the southern portion of the Dampier Peninsula, north-west of Western Australia. 10pp. manuscript. AIAS pMs 2168.
_____ . nd. Nul-nul and Ba:d vocabulary, extracted from notes by A. Capell. manuscript. AIAS pMs 2169.
Huegel, F. 1938-1971. Prayer and hymnbook in Njol-Njol. 80pp. typescript. AIAS Ms 1041. (A1;B4).
Kerr, N.F. nd. A comparative word-list: Nyigina and neighbouring languages. manuscript. AIAS Ms.
Lands, M. et al. 1987. Mayi: some bush fruits of Dampierland. Broome: Magabala Books.
Moyle, A.M. nd. Index of Australian Aboriginal song words. 19pp. manuscript. AIAS
Nekes, H. 1931-1947. Kimberleys language material: D'aro, N'ol N'ol, etc. 7pts. manuscript. AIAS Ms 35. (A1;B2).
_____ .1939. The pronoun in Nyol-Nyol (Nyul-Nyul) and related dialects. In Elkin, A.P. (ed). Studies in Australian linguistics. (Oceania Monograph, 3) Sydney: University of Sydney. 139-163.
Nekes, H. & Worms, E.A. 1953. Australian languages. (Micro-Bibliotheca Anthropos, 10) Fribourg: Anthropos-Institut. 1058pp. AIAS MF 4.
Stokes, B. 1985. The verb from Noonkanbah to Broome: "alternative-prefixing" verbal systems of the West Kimberley. manuscript.
Tachon, A. 1890-1900. Niol Niol language material. 5 pts. microfilm. AIAS Ms 1. MF 64. (A1;B2).
Torres, P. & Williams, M. 1987. The story of crow: a Nyul Nyul story. Broome: Magabala Books.
Worms, E.A. 1938a. Foreign words in some Kimberley tribes in North-Western Australia. Oceania 8. 458-462.
_____ .1938b. Onomatopoeia in some Kimberley tribes of North-West Australia. Oceania 8. 453-457.
_____ .1942. Sense of smell of the Australian Aborigines: a psychological and linguistic study of the natives of the Kimberley division. Oceania 13. 107-130.
_____ .1944. Aboriginal place names in Kimberley, Western Australia. Oceania 14. 284-310.
_____ .1946. The aboriginal mind at work: semantic notes on Australian languages. Mankind 3. 231-232.
_____ .1949. An Australian migratory myth. Primitive man 22. 33-38.
_____ .1957. Australian mythical terms: their etymology and dispersion. Anthropos 52. 732-768.
_____ .1959. Verbannungslied eines australischen Wildbeuters: ein Beitrag zur Lyrik der Bad. Anthropos 54. 154-168.
_____ .nd. Ave Maria; linguae Njol Njol; tribus primitivae nomadicae Australiensis. 1p. typescript. AIAS.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
P Bischofs, William McGregor, Kimberley Language Resource Centre, Loongabid Aboriginal Inc
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

McGregor, William. 1996. Nyulnyul. München: Lincom Europa.

McGregor, William B. 2011. The Nyulnyul language of Dampier land, Western Australia. Volume 1: Grammar. Canberra: Pacific Linguistcs.

Dictionary: 
Bischofs, P. Josef. 1978. Vocabulary of the Niol niol language, ms.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)NyulnyulanNyulnyul
Dixon (2002)FITZROY RIVER SUBGROUP*Njul-NjulBaardi (or Baard) McGregor (1996), Aklif (1999) further dialects: Djawi, Njul-Njul, Djabirr-Djabirr, Ngumbarl, Nimanburru
Wurm (1994)NyulnyulanNyulnyul
Walsh (1981)NyulnyulanNyulnyul
Oates (1975)NjulnjulanNjul-Njul
Wurm (1972)NyulnyulanNyulnyul
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)NyulnyulanNyulnyul