K14: Unggumi

AIATSIS code: 
K14
AIATSIS reference name: 
Unggumi

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Unggumi
Ethnologue name
Worora [Unggumi]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ongkomi
Thesaurus heading language
Unggumi language K14
Thesaurus heading (old)
Unggumi language (K14) (WA SE 51-03)
Tindale (1974)
Ong Komi, Wongkomi, Unggumi, Ongaranjan (name as spoken by one of them living among Ngarinjin), Ungumi, Ungami, Ngarangari (i.e., 'living on top' of the range; said of the Ongkomi by the Ngarinjin.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ungami, Wongkami
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Ungkami [McGregor and Rumsey 2009:2]
Synonyms
Worora, Ong Komi, Wongkomi, Ongaranjan, Ungumi, Ungami, Ngarangari
Comment
Comments: 
Unggumi is a non-Pama Nyungan language of the Worrorran family, specifically Western Worrorran, along with Worrorra K17; Umiida K49; Unggarrangu K55; Yawijibaya K53; Winyjarrumi K56 (McGregor and Rumsey, 2009:8).
References: 
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • McGregor, William, and Alan Rumsey. 2009. Worrorran revisited: the case for genetic relations among languages of the Northern Kimberley region of Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics 600. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Leopold Range south of the gorge of the Isdell River; westward to headwaters of Robinson River; southeast to Richenda River; south only to Lennard River and Chestnut Creek (Tindale 1974). its southern boundary was south of the Lennard River and took in Windjina Gorge (McGregor in Sutton 1995:100). The general associations were to the Barker and upper Leonard River drainages. Eastward limits: The association of Unggumi with the Bell Creek area was confirmed in 2007. Southward limits: There was no positive informaton on the southern limits of Unggumi. However sources agreed that Mt Broome and Mt Behn constituted the eastern limits of Bunuba. Westward limits: Sources in 2007 stated that Kimberley Downs homestead was associated with Warrwa, but that Warrwa associations ceased immediately to the east of the homestead. Northward limits: There had been no detailed investigation of northward limits. There was general agreement that Mt Hart homestead probably lay within Unggumi country (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Bunggura (A28 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

5.5 Unggumi

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Oonggoomi (Hudson & McConvell), Ungami, Unggumi (AIAS, Capell, Capell & Coate, Black, Black & Walsh, Oates & Oates, O'Grady), U?gumi (Capell, Coate), Wongkami, Wongkomi (AIAS), Wungami (Robinson), Wunggumi (Oates, Vaszolyi)
Classification of the language:
Worrorran family, Worrorric group
Identification codes:
AIAS: K14
Oates 1973: 47.3
Capell: K18
Present number and distribution of speakers:
There is one remaining full speaker, and a number of part speakers, living in Derby.
McGregor - 1 speaker
Rumsey (pers.comm.) - 1 speaker
Vaszolyi - extinct
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Arthur Capell, late 1930s, Derby region
Howard Coate, at various intervals since 1930s, in Derby region
Alan Rumsey, 1984, Derby
William McGregor, 1985 onwards, Derby
Practical orthography:
None; none needed.
Word lists:
Capell (1940, nd), Coate (nd a)
Textual material:
Capell (1972a), Coate (nd b); Rumsey and McGregor have collected some texts, none of which have been published.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
None; Capell & Coate (1984) contains some grammatical information.
Material available on the language:
Capell, A. 1939. The languages of the northern Kimberley division, W.A. Mankind 2. 169-175.
_____ .1940. The classification of languages in north and north-west Australia. Oceania 10. 241-272, 404-433.
_____ .1960. Language and world view in the northern Kimberley, Western Australia. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology. 16. 1-14.
_____ .1972a. Cave painting myths: northern Kimberley. (Oceania Linguistic Monographs, 18) Sydney: University of Sydney.
_____ .1972b. The languages of the northern Kimberley, W.A.: some structural principles. Oceania 43. 54-65.
_____ .nd. U?gumi vocabulary, parts 1, 2, & 3. 26, 12, 24 pp. typescript.
Capell, A. & Coate, H.H.J. 1984. Comparative studies in northern Kimberley languages. Canberra: PL, C-69.
Coate, H.H.J. nd a. U?gumi vocabulary. np. typescript.
_____ .nd b. Conception to death. [An Unggumi text]. 4pp. typescript.
McGregor, W. 1985. [Field notes on Unggumi.] manuscript.
_____ .1987. [Field notes on Unggumi.] manuscript.
Rumsey, A. 1984. [Field notes on Unggumi.] manuscript.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
William McGregor, Kimberley Language Resource Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)WororanWorora [Unggumi]Worora [dialects: Worora, Unggumi]
Dixon (2002)NORTH KIMBERLEY AREAL GROUPUnggumiWorrorra Clendon (1994, 2000), Love (2000) further dialects: Yawidjibara, Windjarumi, Unggumi, Unggarrangu, Umiida
Wurm (1994)WororanWororaUnggumi
Walsh (1981)WororanWororicUnggumi
Oates (1975)WororanWororicWunggumi
Wurm (1972)WororanWoroicUnggumi
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)WororanWororicUnggumi