K24: Waladjangari

AIATSIS code: 
K24
AIATSIS reference name: 
Waladjangari

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Worla (Walajangarri)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ola (Waladjangari)
Thesaurus heading language
Waladjangari language K24
Thesaurus heading (old)
Walajangarri language (K24) (WA SE 52-02)
Tindale (1974)
Wo:la, Wola, Wula, Waladjangari, Woladjangari, Woolaja, Walandjari, Wolmardai, Waringari (of Ngarinjin, general term, has implications of cannibalism; applied also to Kitja), Oladjau (name applied by Miriwung to several Ngarinjin speaking peoples), Ngarangari, Ngalangari, Ngaiangari ('top of range dwellers,' general term applied by Ngarinjin), Wardia (a horde at Ellenbrae).
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
-
Other sources
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Synonyms
Waladjangarri, Worla, Walajangarri, Andajin, Ola, Ngarinjin, Waladjangari/Wuladja, Wo:la, Wola, Wula, Woladjangari, Woolaja, Walandjari, Wolmardai, Waringari, Oladjau, Ngarangari, Ngalangari, Ngaiangari, Wardia
Comment
Comments: 
Walajangarri is a non-Pama-Nyungan language of the Worrorran language group - specifically Eastern Worrorran along with Ngarinyin K18, Wurla K43, Andajin K64, Guwij K19, Wolyamidi K26 and Munumburru K25. These languages are geographically contiguous (in the northern Kimberly region, Western Australia) and all have five noun classes and gender distinction (McGregor and Rumsey 2009:5-7). McGregor (2004:42) classifies this as a member of the Ngarinyinic group, adding Walajangarri (K24) to the above list. According to the Kimberley Handbook, it is likely that this is an alternative name for Worla(ja) K43. Glasgow (c1970) also reports that Walar, Wula, Wuladja and Wuladjangari appear to refer to the same language. Ngarnawu K52, Walajangarri K24, Wurla K43 and Guwij K19 are considered to be types of Ngarinjin K18 by knowledgeable people; Andajin K64 is regarded as a separate language (McGregor, 2004:43).
References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Glasgow, David. c1970. Report [to A.I.A.S.] on surveys of languages and dialects of the north - east Kimberleys, typescript. (PMS 656).
  • McGregor, William. 2004. The Languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. New York : RoutledgeCurzon.
  • McGregor, William, and Alan Rumsey. 2009. Worrorran revisited: the case for genetic relations among languages of the Northern Kimberley region of Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics 600. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 
-
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Wadiwangga (A39.1 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

5.12 Walajangarri / Waladjangari

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Waladjangari (AIAS, Black, Black & Walsh, Capell & Coate)
It is likely that this is an alternative name for Worla(ja) (see next section), presumably with the addition of the suffix -ngarri, meaning 'with' or 'having'. Here Walajangarri and Worla(ja) are given separate sections because they are treated as different in the AIAS tribal index. (See also section 3.7 on Doolboong vs. Doolboongarri.)
Classification of the language:
Worrorran family, Ungarinyinic group
Identification codes:
AIAS: K24
Oates 1973: 46.3d
Capell: K15
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Mainly in Wyndham and surrounding stations and communities, including Fork Creek, and Oombulgari. No estimates of numbers of speakers are known.
People who have worked intensively on the language:
No one
Practical orthography:
None
Word lists:
None; Capell & Coate (1984) contains a list of kin terms.
Textual material:
Capell (1972a)
Grammar or sketch grammar:
None
Material available on the language:
Capell, A. 1940. The classification of languages in north and north-west Australia. Oceania 10. 241-272, 404-433.
_____ .1972a. Cave painting myths: northern Kimberley. (Oceania Linguistic Monographs, 18) Sydney: University of Sydney.
_____ .1972b. The languages of the northern Kimberley, W.A.: some structural principles. Oceania 43. 54-65.
Capell, A. & Coate, H.H.J. 1984. Comparative studies in northern Kimberley languages. Canberra: PL, C-69.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word list1 (kinship terms)
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)NORTH KIMBERLEY AREAL GROUPWaladjangarriUngarinjin Rumsey (1982a) further dialects: Guwidj (Orla), Waladja, Ngarnawu, Andadjin, Munumburru, Wolyamidi, Waladjangarri
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)WororanNgarinjinicWaladjangari/Wuladja
Wurm (1972)WororanNgarinyinicWaladjangari
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)