K46: Manungu

AIATSIS code: 
K46
AIATSIS reference name: 
Manungu

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Miwa (Manungu)
Thesaurus heading language
Manungu language K46
Thesaurus heading (old)
Manungu language (K46) (WA SD52-09)
Tindale (1974)
Konun (valid alternative), Konan, Konin, Gonin, Kaianu, Kianu, Kyanoo, Murgura (name of eastern horde), Kuna, Kunange, Gunan, Koonange, Mande, Manda, Pago (not a tribal term but place name of old Drysdale Mission site), Bagu, Ba:gu, Manungu, Manunggu (a place or district name), Galumburu (place name of new Drysdale River Mission site), Kalumbura, Caloombooroo, Wulanggur (place name on Cape Talbot peninsula, also a horde name), Ula?gu Wula?u (Ngarinjin name for Miwa), Ulangu, Umari (place name on King George River), Pela, Boola, Pelange (use as tribal term not substantiated by Lucich), Walar (name of a snake clan).
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Miwa, Konun, Konan, Konin, Gonin, Kaianu, Kianu, Kyanoo, Murgura, Kuna, Kunange, Gunan, Koonange, Mande, Manda, Pago, Bagu, Ba:gu, Manunggu, Galumburu, Kalumbura, Caloombooroo, Wulanggur, Ulagu Wulau, Ulangu, Umari, Pela, Boola, Pelange, Walar
Comment
Comments: 
According to Glasgow (PMS 656), Manungu means 'hill country' and appears not to refer to a language. Tindale (1974) gives Manunggu as an alternative name of Miwa K44 and describes it as 'a place or district name'. Oates (1975:370) notes that Manungu is 'a local division of the Forrest River' and that 'Capell has some material which shows slight dialectal changes'. Supporting this observation, Capell and Coate (1984:2) explain that 'the terms Walar K45 and Manunggu (K46) refer to sections only of the Forrest River tribes and are not primarily linguistic terms even though they do seem to correspond with dialect variations within the north-eastern section'.
References: 
  • Capell, A. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Capell, A. & H.H.J. Coate. 1984. Comparative studies in northern Kimberley languages. Pacific Linguistics C-69. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Glasgow, David. Report [to A.I.A.S.] on surveys of languages and dialects of the north - east Kimberleys, typescript. (PMS 656).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
Forrest River, WA (Oates & Oates 1970:46).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)WororanNgarinjinicManungu
Wurm (1972)WororanNgarinyinicManungu
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)