K47: Djerag

AIATSIS code: 
K47
AIATSIS reference name: 
Djerag

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kitja (Djerag)
Thesaurus heading language
Djerag language K47
Thesaurus heading (old)
Djerag language (K47) (WA SD52-14)
Tindale (1974)
Kidja, Gidja, Ku:tji, Kuitji, Kuitj (of Ngarinjin), Gi:dj, Kwitj, Gwidji, Guidj, Guwidji, Kisah, Keha, Kisha, Kityu, Liej (? faulty hearing), ['Lu?gar] (of Walmadjari, their name means 'rock wallabies'), Lungga (of southern tribes), Longga, Loonga, Langgu, Lunga, Lungu, Paljarri (a variant of one of the class terms in their social organization), Djarak (modern northern term for Kitja based on a white settler's family name, Djerag, Durackra (lapsus calami for Durack Range, based on early white settler family of that name), Tjarak (modern postcontact Ngarinjin name), War-ingari (Ngarinjin term, means 'cannibals'; a general term also applied to Ola), Warrangari, Kutnalawaru (of western neighbors, has a rude meaning-['kudna] = dung), Miwa (language name ascribed to Kitja by Ngarinjin-means 'salt water'), Walki.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Kitja, Kidja, Gidja, Ku:tji, Kuitji, Kuitj, Gi:dj, Kwitj, Gwidji, Guidj, Guwidji, Kisah, Keha, Kisha, Kityu, Liej, Lungga, Longga, Loonga, Langgu, Lunga, Lungu, Paljarri, Djarak, Tjarak, War ingari, Warrangari, Kutnalawaru, Miwa, Walki
Comment
Comments: 
Djerag appears in Oates and Oates (1970) but, in her later work, Oates (1975:48, 371) deletes it. She lists it as an alternative for Kija K20 and says it means 'say' or 'talk'. Capell (MS 4577) supplies a set of Djerag person prefixes. This data is repeated in Capell and Coates (1984:221, 225), attributed to Djerag language, but they later (p. 225) mention the 'Djerag group of languages'.
References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Ellis, Jean. 2001. More stories from the Aboriginal Dreaming : a selection from many areas across Australia. Penrith, N.S.W. : Kalianna Productions.
  • Elkin. 1933. Studies in Australian totemism. Oceania monographs no. 2. Sydney: Australian National Research Council.
  • Capell. Arthur. Western Australia - the Kimberley (MS 4577).
  • Capell, A. & H.H.J. Coate. 1984. Comparative studies in Northern Kimberley languages. Canberra: RSPAS.
  • Capell. Arthur. 1972. The languages of the northern Kimberley, W.A. : some structural principles. Oceaniav.43, no.1; 54-65.
  • McGregor, William. 2004. The languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
  • O'Grady, G. N., C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Grant, Ngabidj. 1981. My country of the pelican dreaming : the life of an Australian Aborigine of the Gadjerong, Grant Ngabidj, 1904-1977 : as told to Bruce Shaw. Canberra:Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
Durack Range (Capell 1963). On Salmond, Chamberlain, and Wilson rivers; Macphee Creek north to Sugarloaf Hill, always on top of the plateau; west to the edge of the Bluff Face Range; east over the Durack Range to Lissadell and Turkey Creek Stations, south to High Range and headwaters of Stony River about Fig Tree Pool; on upper Margaret River above gorge in Ramsay Range; east to Hall Creek and Alice Downs. The terms Kitja and Lungga are of about equal status in the naming of this tribe and a source of some confusion to anthropologists. Capell (1940:404) uses them to denote separate tribes; inquiries suggest this is not correct. The Djaru usually call these people Lungga and a few accept the term without question; most of the others prefer Kitja. Color plate 41 is relevant (Tindale).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Djerag
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)