K49: Umida

AIATSIS code: 
K49
AIATSIS reference name: 
Umida

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Umida
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Umede
Thesaurus heading language
Umida language K49
Thesaurus heading (old)
Umida language (K49) (WA SE51-03)
Tindale (1974)
Umeda, Umidi, Aobidai (of Ongkarango), Umi:da, Oken, Okat, Okwata, O:ka:ta, O:kada (alternative name applied by themselves; used as a language term by the Ongkarango who speak the same language).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Umi;da [Coate 1970]
Synonyms
Umiida, Umede, Oomida, Umi:da, Wumide, Umi;da, Umeda, Umidi, Aobidai, Oken, Okat, Okwata, O:ka:ta, O:kada
Comment
Comments: 
Umiida (K49) is a non-Pama-Nyungan language of the Worrorran family, specifically western Worrorran, along with Worrorra K17; Unggarrangu K55; Unggumi K14; Yawijibaya K53; Winyjarrumi K56 (McGregor and Rumsey, 2009:8). McGregor (MS 2629) and Coate (PMS 4279) collected vocabulary and sentences. Capell (1984) presents a comparative study of Northern Kimberley languages including Umida. There are other manuscripts with some Umida content available in the AIATSIS library; they have not been scored under the documentation tab as the extent of the Umida data included was not clear.
References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1984. Comparative studies in Northern Kimberley languages: Pacific Linguistics C-69. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Coate, H. 1970. Notes on 3 dead languages, typescript. (PMS 4279).
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • McGregor, William. 1987. Notebook, Yawijibaya and Umida. (MS 2629).
  • McGregor, William, & Alan Rumsey. 2009. Worrorran revisited: the case for genetic relations among languages of the Northern Kimberley region of Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics 600. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Coast and inlets south of Yampi Sound to Cone Bay, islands from Koolan Island north to Macleay Island, west to Bathurst Island, Bayliss Island, and islands in Strickland Bay; inland usually only to the watershed, but they claimed country near Shoal Bay afterward taken by the Worora and the country south to Oobagooma (Tindale 1974) ...east mainland from Secyre Bay to mouth of Robinson River (Coate 1970). Coast and inlets south of Yampi Sound to Cone Bay, islands from Koolan Island north to Macleay Island, west to Bathurst Island, Bayliss Island, and islands in Strickland Bay; inland usually only to the watershed, but they claimed country near Shoal Bay afterward taken by the Worora and the country south to Oobagooma (Tindale 1974). There was only limited direct information on the associations of Umiide in 2007. The associations of Umiide with Koolan Island and Cone Bay were confirmed in 2007. However, Worrorra people claimed to have been the traditional owners of the Shoal Bay area (on the south-west of Collier Bay) in 2007. It does not appear that the ownership of the Oobagooma area had ever been investigated in detail (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Ngajumaya (A3 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

5.3 Umiida / Umida

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Oomida (Hudson & McConvell), Umida (Black, Black & Walsh, Capell & Coate, Oates), Umi:da (Coate, Oates & Oates), Wumide (Vaszolyi)
Classification of the language:
Worrorran family, Worrorric group
Identification codes:
AIAS: (not included)
Oates 1973: 47.4
Capell: (not included)
Present number and distribution of speakers:
There is said to be one speaker in Mowanjum.
Capell & Coate (1984) - virtually extinct
Vaszolyi (1973) - extinct
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Coate has recorded a fair amount of information on the language on a part time basis, in Derby, mainly in the 1960s.
Practical orthography:
None; none needed.
Word lists:
Coate (nd a)
Textual material:
Coate (nd b)
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Coate (nd a) and Capell & Coate (1984) contain some grammatical information.
Material available on the language:
Capell, A. & Coate, H.H.J. 1984. Comparative studies in northern Kimberley languages. Canberra: PL, C-69.
Coate, H.H.J. nd a. Umida. [Grammatical notes on Umida]. 8pp. typescript.
_____ .nd b. Umida language: Sam Wulugudja. [Text in Umida (and Unggarrangu?)]. 9pp. typescript.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)NORTH KIMBERLEY AREAL GROUPUmiidaWorrorra Clendon (1994, 2000), Love (2000) further dialects: Yawidjibara, Windjarumi, Unggumi, Unggarrangu, Umiida
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)WororanWororicUmida
Wurm (1972)WororanWororicUmida
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)