K53: Yawijibaya

AIATSIS code: 
K53
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yawijibaya

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Worora (Jaudjibaia)
Ethnologue name
Yawuru (Yawjibara)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Jaudjibaia
Thesaurus heading language
-
Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Yaudjibaia, Yaujibaia, Jawutjubar, Jadjibaia, Jaudji-bara, Jadjiba, Bergalgu (language name fide Birdsell), Montgomery Islanders.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Yawjibarra [McGregor and Rumsey 2009:2]
Synonyms
Yawidjibara, Yawuru, Yawjibara, Worora, Jaudjibaia, Jaudibaia, Jaudjibara, Jawdjibaia, Jawdjibara, Yaudjibara, Yaudjibaia, Alternative names:, Jawadjag, Winjawindjagu, Yawjibarra, Yaujibaia, Jawutjubar, Jadjibaia, Jaudji bara, Jadjiba, Bergalgu, Montgomery Islanders
Comment
Comments: 
Yawijibaya is a non-Pama-Nyungan language of the Worrorran family, specifically western Worrorran, along with Worrorra K17; Umiida K49; Unggarrangu K55; Unggumi K14; Winyjarrumi K56 (McGregor and Rumsey, 2009:8). The Ethnologue (2005) lists Yawjibara (K53) as an alternative name of Yawuru K1 but this refers to another language. Yawuru belongs to the Nyulnyulan family, while Yawijibaya belongs to the Worrorran family. Clendon (2000:vii) reports that 'a closely related dialect of Worrorra was formerly spoken by the people of the Montgomery Islands, anja Yawijabaaya K53. McGregor (2004:43) says that Yawijibaya is 'sometimes treated as a separate language, sometimes as a dialect of Worrorra'.
References: 
  • Clendon, Mark. 2000. A grammar of Worrorra. Halls Creek, WA: Kimberley Language Resource Centre.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • McGregor, William. 2004. The languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
  • McGregor, William, & Alan Rumsey. 2009. Worrorran revisited: the case for genetic relations among languages of the Northern Kimberley region of Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics 600. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
On the Montgomery Islands, n.n. ['Jawutjap] (this name applies probably only to the main island), including those in the southern part of Collier Bay (Tindale 1974). Yawijibaya was associated with the Montgomery Islands and probably also with the Wood Islands (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Djalgandi (A26 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

5.7 Yawijibaya / Jawdjibara

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Jaudjibara (Coate), Jawdjibaia (Love), Jawdjibara (Capell & Coate), Yaudjibara (Oates & Oates, Oates), Yaudjibaia (Tindale), Yawjibara (Hudson & McConvell), Alternative names:, Jawadjag (Coate), Winjawindjagu (Coate)
Classification of the language:
Worrorran family, Worrorric group
Identification codes:
AIAS: (not included)
Oates 1973: 47.6 (Oates & Oates: 23Kr)
Capell: (not included)
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Traditionally of the Montgomery Islands; now extinct (the last full speaker died in early 1987), although there remain some part speakers, and a few Worrorra people who can understand the language.
Capell & Coate (1984) - extinct
People who have worked intensively on the language:
J.R.B. Love did a little work on the language in late 1910s to mid 1920s, at Kunmunya.
Howard Coate has recorded some information on the language at irregular intervals over the past twenty or so years, in Derby.
McGregor, early 1987, in Derby
Practical orthography:
None; none needed.
Word lists:
Coate (nd), Coate & McGregor (1987)
Textual material:
None published; Coate has recorded and transcribed some lenghty texts.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Coate & McGregor (1987); Capell & Coate (1984) contains some grammatical information.
Material available on the language:
Capell, A. & Coate, H.H.J. 1984. Comparative studies in northern Kimberley languages. Canberra: PL, C-69.
Coate, H.H.J. nd. Jaudjibara (Winjawindjagu). 8pp. typescript.
Coate, H.H.J. & McGregor, W. 1987. Yawijibaya, a dead language. typescript.
Love, J.R.B. 1927-1940. [Notes on the Worora people of the Kimberleys, W.A.] 187pp. manuscript. AIAS Ms 829. (A1;B1).
McGregor, W. 1987. [Fieldnotes on Yawijibaya.] manuscript.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)NyulnyulanYawuru (Yawjibara)
Dixon (2002)NORTH KIMBERLEY AREAL GROUPYawidjibaraWorrorra Clendon (1994, 2000), Love (2000) further dialects: Yawidjibara, Windjarumi, Unggumi, Unggarrangu, Umiida
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)WororanWororicYaudjibara
Wurm (1972)WororanWororicYaudjibara
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)