K7: Nyininy

AIATSIS code: 
K7
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nyininy

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Jaru (Nyinin)
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Jaru [Nyininy]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Djaru (Njining)
Thesaurus heading language
Nyininy language K7
Thesaurus heading (old)
Nyininy language (K7) (WA SE 52-10)
Tindale (1974)
Djaro (valid alternative), Jarroo, Jarrou, Jarrau, Charrau, Jaruo, Djara (? misprint), Deharu, Jaruru (class term), Njining (language name), Njinin, Nyinin, Nining, Neening, Meening (apparently typographical error), Ka:biri (apparently local group on Margaret River), Karbery, Kodjangana (valid name for the northern Djaru), Ruby Creek tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Njining
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Njininj [Tsunoda 1981]
Synonyms
Njininj, Jaru, Nyinin, Djaro, Jarroo, Jarrou, Jarrau, Charrau, Jaruo, Djara, Deharu, Jaruru, Njining, Njinin, Nining, Neening, Meening, Ka:biri, Karbery, Kodjangana, Ruby Creek tribe
Comment
Comments: 
According to Tsunoda (1981:3), this is a dialect of Jaru K12. Oates (1975:139) reports that Hudson and Richards suspect the name Nyanyany A90 could be a variation of Nyininy.
References: 
  • Blythe, Joe & Glenn Wightman. 2003. The Role of Animals and Plants in Maintaining the Links. In Joe Blythe and Robert McGregor, William. 2004. The languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
  • McKenna Brown (eds.), Maintaining the Links: Language, Identity and the Land. Proceedings of the Seventh Conference of the Foundation for Endangered Languages 69-77. Bath, UK: FEL.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tsunoda, Tasaku. 1981. The Djaru language of Kimberley, Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics B-78. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Including Turner River, Old Flora Valley, Gordon Downs and Sturt Creek dialects (Tsunoda 1981:3). ... spoken at Old Flora Valley, turner River, Sturt Creek, Gordon Downs and Nicholson Stations (Blythe & Wightman 2003: 70).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Wajarri (A39 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).

Nyininy

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Nining (RHM), Njinin (orig. AIAS), Njininj (AIAS, Tsunoda), Nyinin (SAW, o'G, RLS, Jagst), Nyininy (Hale, IAD)
Dialects: Nyininy is in a dialect relationship to Jaru.
Classification of the language:
Northern Western Desert Type, Ngumbin Subgroup
Identification codes:
Oates '73: 59.3c
AIAS: K.007
Capell: K3
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Nicholson, Gordon Downs, Mistake Creek
Milliken, 1972 -- 79
Black, 1979 -- around 50
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Tsunoda is continuing analysis of Jaru.
Practical orthography:
None. Warlpiri or Jaru orthography probably suitable.
Word lists:
Hale ms., Tsunoda ms.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Remarks in Tsunoda 1978.
Material available on the language:
(see also references under Jaru)
Bell, Neil. 1980. Nyininy sketch grammar. (based on field notes by Ken Hale). 22p. ts. IAD.
---------- 1980. Nyininy vovabulary. (based on field notes by Ken Hale). 11p. ts. IAD.
Hale, Kenneth L. 1959. Nyininy field notes. (Ms 875, AIAS)
Literacy material:

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Ibarga (A59 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

8.12 Nyininy / Njininj

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Neening, Nining (Matthews), Njinin (orig. AIAS), Njining (Berndt), Njininj (AIAS, Tsunoda), Nyinin (Wurm, O'Grady, Oates, Jagst), Nyininy (Hale, IAD)
Nyininy is in a dialect relationship to Jaru (section 8.11).
Classification of the language:
Northern Western Desert type, Ngumbin subgroup
Identification codes:
AIAS: K7
Oates 1973: 59.3c
Capell: K3
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Nicholson, Gordon Downs, Mistake Creek
Milliken (1972) - 79
Black (1979) - around 50
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Tsunoda, since late 1970s has worked intensively on Jaru, and collected information on Nyininy.
Practical orthography:
None presently in use. The South Kimberley orthography (or some variant) would probably be most suitable.
Word lists:
Hale (1959), Bell (1980b)
Textual material:
None
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Remarks are contained in Tsunoda (1978) and (1981).
Material available on the language:
(See also references under Jaru.)
Bell, N. 1980a. Nyininy sketch grammar. (based on field notes by Ken Hale). 22p. typescript. IAD.
_____ .1980b. Nyininy vocabulary. (based on field notes by Ken Hale). 11p. typescript. IAD.
Hale, K. L. 1959. [Nyininy field notes] AIAS Ms 875. (A1;B5).
Tsunoda, T. 1975-1979. [Djaru field notes] 24 pts. c.2564pp. manuscript. AIAS Ms 1381. (A1;B4)
_____ .1978. The Djaru language of Kimberley, Western Australia. PhD thesis, Monash University. (AIAS Ms 1133).
_____ .1981. The Djaru language of Kimberley, Western Australia. Canberra: PL, B-78.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Neil Bell, Ken Hale, Anthony Peile
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate40
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Bell, Neil. 1980a. Nyininy sketch grammar. (based on field notes by Ken Hale), typescript. IAD.

Dictionary: 
Bell, Neil .1980b. Nyininy vocabulary. (based on field notes by Ken Hale), typescript. IAD.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNgumbinJaru [Nyininy]Jaru [dialects: Nyininy, Djaru. Nyininy is inherently intelligible with Jaru (Black 1983).]
Dixon (2002)NORTHERN DESERT FRINGE SUBGROUPEdgar Range to Victoria River subgroup*NjininjDjaru Tsunoda (1981) further dialects: Wawarl, Njininj
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNgumbinNyininyDjaru [dialects: Djaru, Nyininy]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganNorthern Western Desert TypeNgumbin (Eastern Kimberleys)Njininj
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)NgumbinNyinin
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestNgumbinNyinin