L24: Ngurawala

AIATSIS code: 
L24
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngurawala

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Wangkumara (Ngurawola)
Ethnologue name
Ngura [Ngurawarla]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ngurawola
Tindale (1974)
? Ngandanina.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Ngura, Wangkumara, Ngurawola, Bundamara, Diraila, Jarumarra, Karendala, Kungatutji, Mamwura, Ngandangara, Punthamara, Thiraila, Wankumara, Ngandanina, Ngurawarla
Comment
Comments: 
According to Capell (1963: L39) Ngurawola is mentioned by C. Strehlow, (1910) but no linguistic information is to hand. The area from around Coongie to Araburry, that is Yawarawarrka L23 and some Kungadutji L16 country was abandoned completely and became known as Ngura-warla 'empty camp' following massacres in the late nineteenth century (Hercus 1990: 158).
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2004. Innamincka Talk: a grammar of the Innamincka dialect of Yandruwandha with notes on other dialects: Pacific Linguistics 558. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Hercus, Luise. 1990. Aboriginal People. In Tyler (et al) eds. Natural history of the North East deserts [Adelaide]; Royal Society of South Australia Inc , p. [149]-160.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 
At Arrabury and Durham Downs and the southwestern vicinity; west to Coongie Lakes; south to Lake Marra-koonamooka (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Ngura [Ngurawarla] Ngura [dialects: Punthamara (Bundhamara), Kalali (Galali, Garlali), Wongkumara (Wangkumara, Wangumarra), Badjiri, Bidjara, Dhiraila, Garandala, Mambangura, Mingbari, Ngurawarla, Yarumarra. Walsh list the dialects as separate languages.]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngurawarla
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Ngurawarla
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Ngurawala
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Ngura Ngurawola?
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Ngura Ngurawola