L3.1: Nanduwara

AIATSIS code: 
L3.1
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nanduwara

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
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Comment
Comments: 
Nanduwara is reported as a language name by Tindale (1936:57), who mentions the 'people who spoke the 'Nantu'waru, literally "the kangaroo language"'. Berndt (1940) locates Nantuwaru L3.1 adjacent to Kaurna L3 to the south, Ngadjuri L5 to the east, and Narunga L1 to the south-west. Its exact identity, however, is uncertain. Capell (1963) links Nanduwara to Narungga L1, Berndt (1941) to Ngadjuri L5, and Tindale (1974) and the Mobile Language Team to Kaurna L3. Dixon (2002) posits a language called 'Kadli' with five dialects: Kaurna, Ngadjuri, Narangka L1, Nukunu L4 and Nantuwara (L3.1). By all accounts, these languages are closely related.
References: 
  • Berndt, Ronald M. 1940. A curlew and owl legend from the Narunga tribe, South Australia. Oceania, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. [456]-462.
  • Berndt, R.M. & T. Vogelsang. 1941. Comparative vocabularies of the Ngadjuri and Dieri tribes, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 65, pp. 3 - 10.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Dixon, R.M.W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1936. Notes on the natives of the southern portion of Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 60, pp. 55-70.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
... from the east side of the Hummock Range to Red Hill where northern hordes were sometimes known as the Nantuwara. (Tindale 1974, under Kaurna). At head of St. Vincent's Gulfs, SA (Oates & Oates 1970:121, Capell 1963).
Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Nanduwara
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)