N100: Gamalangga

AIATSIS code: 
N100
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gamalangga

tabs_horizontal

Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Jarnango [Garmalangga]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Nango (Gamalangga)
Tindale (1974)
Garmalangga, Karmalanga, Kokolango, Kokolangomala
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Gamala?ga, Karmalanga (Warner 1937) [Schebeck 2001:90] Gamala?a [Keen 1978:22]
Synonyms
Jarnango, Garmalangga, Karmalanga, Kokolango, Kokolangomala
Comment
Comments: 
The online Yolngu Matha dictionary describes gama?a?ga as a clan-nation, affiliated with nha?u'mirri N211. Bowern and James list the linguistic affiliation of Gamala?ga (N100) with Yan-nha?u N72; Yan-nha?u N72 is a member of the Nha?u N211 dialect cluster (Bowern and James, 2010:361). Gamala?ga (N100) is a Yolngu clan listed under the Central and southern sub-groups of the Nha?u N211 language (which includes Yan(n)a?u N72) and affiliated with the Dhuwa moiety (see Schebeck, 2001:15-16). For Yolngu language groups see Yolngu Matha N230.
References: 
  • Bagshaw, Geoffrey. 1998. Gapu Dhulway, Gapu Maramba: Conceptualisation and Ownership of Saltwater Among the Burarra and Yan-nhangu Peoples of Northeast Arnhem Land. In Peterson, N & Rigsby, B. Customary Marine Tenure in Australia. 154-177. Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Baymarrwannga, Laurie. 2010. A learner's guide to Yan-nhanngu :draft with updates, January 31, 2010 (MS 4752).
  • Bowern, Claire and Bentley James. 2010. Yan-nha?u language documentation and revitalisation. In Hobson, John, Kevin Lowe, Susan Poetsch and Michael Walsh eds. Re-awakening languages: theory and practice in the revitalisation of Australia's Indigenous languages. Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Schebeck, Bernhard. 2001. Dialect and social groupings in northeast Arnheim [i.e. Arnhem] Land vol. 7: LINCOM studies in Australian languages, no. 7. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Sutton. 1995. Country : Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra : Aboriginal History Inc.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
(Yan-nhangu)
Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganYuulnguDhanguJarnango [Garmalangga]Jarnango [dialectes: Garmalangga, Gurjindi]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMurngicNhanguGarmalangga
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganMurngicYulngoGamalangga
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)