N139: Gälpu

AIATSIS code: 
N139
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gälpu

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
Galpu language
ABS name
Galpu
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Dhangu [Gaalpu]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Dangu (Galpu)
Tindale (1974)
G..pu, Galbu, Kalpu
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Galbu, Kalpu [Top End Handbook] Gälpu [Marett et al 2006]
Synonyms
Galpu, Gaalpu, Dhangu, Galbu, G..lpu, Kalpu
Comment
Comments: 
The online Yolngu Matha dictionary describes Gälpu as a clan-nation, affiliated with dha?u'mi N192. Gälpu (N139) is a Yolngu clan affiliated with Dhangu N192 language and Dhuwa moiety (Schebeck, 2001:16). For Yolngu language groups see Yolngu Matha N230.
References: 
  • Amery, Robert. 1985. A new diglossia: contemporary speech varieties at Yirrkala in north east Arnhem Land, Australian National University: MA. (MS2823).
  • Greatorex, John. 2014. Yolngu Matha Dictionary http://yolngudictionary.cdu.edu.au/
  • Schebeck, Bernhard. 2001. Dialect and social groupings in northeast Arnheim [i.e. Arnhem] Land vol. 7: LINCOM studies in Australian languages, no. 7. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Wilkinson, Melanie, Raymattja Marika & Nancy M Williams. 2009. This place already has a name'. Koch, Harold and Luise Hercus eds. Aboriginal placenames : naming and renaming the landscape. Canberra: ANU E Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 

North-west side of Caledon Bay known as Garulwuy (Oates 1975:316). (Dhangu)

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Wood Raymond, Bernhard Schebeck
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census167
2011Census148
2016Census89

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuulngu Dhangu Dhangu [Gaalpu] Dhangu [dialects; Dhangu-Djangu, Gaalpu (Kalbu), Wangurri, Ngaymil, Rirratjingu, Golumala]
Dixon (2002)   YOLNGU SUBGROUP* Northern Yolngu subgroup* Gaalpu Dhangu dialects include: (a) Wan.gurri, Lamamirri; (b) Rirratjingu, Gaalpu, Ngayimil
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Dhangu Galbu  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Yulngu Galbu  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Yulngu Galbu