N143.1: Dhalwangu

AIATSIS code: 
N143.1
AIATSIS reference name: 
Dhalwangu

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
Darlwangu language
ABS name
Dhalwangu
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Dayi [Dhalwangu]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Daii (Dhalwangu)
Tindale (1974)
Daii (name based on the demonstrative pronoun = this), Taii Tai, Dalwango (a clan), Dalwongo, Dalwongu, Darlwongo, Dhalwangu, Djawark (a clan), Djarlwa:g.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Da:lwono, Dalwono [Top End Handbook] Dhalwa?u, Nharrkala, Darlwongo (Warner 1937) [Schebeck 2001:89, 94] Dhalwangu [Marett et al 2006]
Synonyms
Dayi, Dalwangu, Daii, Taii Tai, Dalwango, Dalwongo, Dalwongu, Darlwongo, Djawark, Djarlwa:g
Comment
Comments: 

Dhalwangu is a Yolngu clan affiliated with Dhay'yi N118 and Yirritja moiety (Wilkinson 1991:13 and Schebeck 2001:15). For Yolngu language groups see Yolngu Matha N230. Schebeck reports that Dhalwaŋu (N143.1) people have adopted Nuŋubuyu N128 as their language and they are called Nuŋudulpuy ( or possibly Nhuŋudulpuy) N116.Y (2001:17). He describes other uses of different names for the same entity, citing Nharrkala N116.U as a name used when talking about old fights whilst Dhalwaŋu (N143.1) is used in daily life (Schebeck, 2001:47).

References: 
  • Greatorex, John. 2014. Yolngu Matha Dictionary http://yolngudictionary.cdu.edu.au/
  • Amery, Robert. 1985. A new diglossia: contemporary speech varieties at Yirrkala in north east Arnhem Land, Australian National University: MA. (MS2823).
  • Schebeck, Bernhard. 2001. Dialect and social groupings in northeast Arnheim [i.e. Arnhem] Land vol. 7: LINCOM studies in Australian languages, no. 7. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Wilkinson, Melanie. 1991. Djambarrpuyngu: a Yolngu variety of Northern Australia, University of Sydney: PhD. (MS 3182).
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 

(Dhay'yi)

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Bernhard Schebeck, Djarrayang Wunungmurra
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt200
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate100
2006Census53
2011Census38
2016Census62

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 

Wunungmurra, Djarrayang. Dhalwangu Dictionary, ASEDA 0502.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuulngu Dhuwal Dayi [Dhalwangu] Dayi [dialectes: Dhalwangu, Djarrwark]
Dixon (2002)   YOLNGU SUBGROUP* Southern Yolngu subgroup* Dhalwangu Dhay'yi (may be one language with Dhuwal/Dhwala) dialects: (a) Dhalwangu; (b) Djarrwark
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Dha?i Dalwangu  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Yulngu Dalwangu  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Yulngu Dalwongo