N145: Djapu

AIATSIS code: 
N145
AIATSIS reference name: 
Djapu

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
Djapu language
ABS name
Djapu
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Dhuwal [Djapu]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Duwal (Djapu)
Tindale (1974)
Djabu, Tjapu, Jabu, Darmaramiri, Dhamalam-irr, Maradungimi, Maradanggimiri, Marrathanggi-mir
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Djapu, Djabu [Top End], Wulamba (a 'warname' usually applied to Djapu) [Schebeck 2001]
Synonyms
Dhuwal, Djabu, Tjapu, Jabu, Darmaramiri, Dhamalam irr, Maradungimi, Maradanggimiri, Marrathanggi mir
Comment
Comments: 

Djapu (N145) is a Yolngu clan affiliated with Dhuwal N198 language and Dhuwa moiety (Morphy, 1983:4; Schebeck, 2001:16; Amery, 1985:14; Wilkinson 1991:13). See also Marradhanggimirr N146.

For Yolngu languages see Yolngu Matha N230.

 

References: 
  • Amery, Robert. 1985. A new diglossia: contemporary speech varieties at Yirrkala in north east Arnhem Land, Australian National University: MA. (MS2823).
  • Greatorex, John. 2014. Yolngu Matha Dictionary http://yolngudictionary.cdu.edu.au/
  • Morphy, Frances. 1983. Djapu, a Yolngu dialect. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 3, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 1-188, + map p xxiv. Canberra: ANU Press.
  • Schebeck, Bernhard. 2001. Dialect and social groupings in northeast Arnheim [i.e. Arnhem] Land vol. 7: LINCOM studies in Australian languages, no. 7. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Wilkinson, Melanie. 1991. Djambarrpuyngu: a Yolngu variety of Northern Australia, University of Sydney: PhD. (MS 3182).
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 

Gyoder River in the west to the Gulf of Carpentaria in the east, and from the Wessel Islands in the north to Blue Mud Bay (Morphy 1983:3).

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Daymbalipu Mununggurr, Frances Morphy, Yirrkala School Literature Production Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census46
2011Census26
2016Census90

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Morphy, Frances. 1983. Djapu, a Yolngu dialect, In Handbook of Australian languages, vol 3.eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 1-188. Canberra: ANU Press.

Dictionary: 

Morphy, Frances. 1983. Djapu, a Yolngu dialect, In Handbook of Australian languages, vol 3.eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 1-188. Canberra: ANU Press.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuulngu Dhuwal Dhuwal [Djapu] Dhuwal [dialectes: Dhuwaya, Dhuwal, Liyagawumirr, Marrangu, Marrakulu, Djapu, Liyagalawumirr, Datiwuy]
Dixon (2002)   YOLNGU SUBGROUP* Southern Yolngu subgroup* Djapu Dhuwal/Dhuwala (possibly also Dhuwaya) Morphy (199 1), Wilkinson (1991) dialects include (a) Dhuwala varieties (Yirritja moiety): Gupapuyngu, Gumatj; (b) Dhuwal varieties (Dhuwa moiety): Djambarrpuyngu, Djapu, Liyagalawumirr, Guyamirlili (Gwijamil)
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Dhuwala Djabu  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Yulngu Djabu  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Yulngu Djabu