N34: Garama

AIATSIS code: 
N34
AIATSIS reference name: 
Garama

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Murrinh-Patha (Garama)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
-
Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Murrinh Patha, Djamindjung name for Murrinh Patha
Comment
Comments: 
Black and Walsh (1989) say that Karama (N34) is the Jaminjung N18 name for Murrinh-Patha N3. Walsh (1976:9-12) gives a full account of the history of confusion surrounding the name Garama and its relationship to Murinypata N3, noting that, although it is the Djamindjung N18 name for Murinypata N3 as a cover term, it is most likely to be used to refer specifically to the Murinykura N158 dialect.
References: 
  • Black, Paul and Michael Walsh. 1989. Guide to the languages of the Aboriginal Australians, ms. (earlier version MS 1618 in the AIATSIS library).
  • Capell, Arthur. 1940. The classification of languages in north and north-west Australia. Oceania 10(3):241-272; 10(4):404-433.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Walsh, Michael J. 1976. The Murinypata language of north-west Australia, Australian National University: PhD. (MS 1074).
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 
Daly River, south-west of Katherine, NT (Oates & Oates 1970:21)
Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Daly Murrin-Patha Murrinh-Patha (Garama)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) (Garama)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Garaman Garama