N78: Mangarrayi

AIATSIS code: 
N78
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mangarrayi

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Mangarrayi
Horton name
Mangarayi
Ethnologue name
Mangarayi
ISO 639-3 code
mpc
Tindale name
Mangarai
Thesaurus heading language
Mangarrayi language N78
Thesaurus heading (old)
Mangarrayi / Mangarayi language (N78) (NT SD53-09)
Tindale (1974)
Mungarai, Mungerry, Mangarei, Manggarai, ? Walooka.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Mungarai, Mungerry
Glottocode
mang1381
Other sources
Mangarrayi, Mangarai, Manggarai, Mungari, Mungarai, Ngarrabadji [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Ngarrabadji, Mangarayi, Mungarai, Mangarai, Mangarei, Mangerei, Manggarai, Mungerry, Walooka, Mungari, Ngarrabadji
Comment
Comments: 
Ma?arayi (N78) is described as a non-Pama-Nyungan language from the Western Roper River region in the Northern Territory (Merlan, 1982:xi, xiv). There is no dialectal variation in Ma?arayi; there is an avoidance style used with mother-in-law and certain other relations. Grammatical expression of this style includes plural and dual pronoun forms used with singular referents; lexical replacement and frequent use of 'politely-framed' speech styles (Merlan, 1982:xiii). The classification of Mangarrayi is uncertain. Alpher, Evans and Harvey (2003) include it in the Gunwinyguan group while Merlan (2003) argues that it belongs to the Marra-Alawic (~Maran) family group, see Alawa N92, Marra N78 and Warndarrang N120.
References: 
  • Alpher B. Nicholas Evans, Mark Harvey. 2003. Proto Gunwinyguan verb suffixes. In The Non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia: comparative studies of the continent's most linguistically complex region, ed. Nicholas Evans, 305-352. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Merlan, Francesca. 1982. Mangarayi. Amsterdam:North-Holland Publishing
  • Merlan, Francesca. 2003. The genetic position of Mangarrayi: evidence from nominal prefixation. In The non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia: comparative studies of the continent's most linguistically complex region, ed. Nicholas Evans, 355-367. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Roberts, Garalnganyjak Jessie, Shiela Yanybarrak Conway, Rita Morgan, Amy Dirn.gayg, Splinter Harris, Edna Burrbanja Farrar, Fay Banjanja Roberts, Francesca merlan, Eugenie Collyer, Taegan Calnan and Glenn Wightman. 2011. Mangarrayi and Yangman plants and animals : Aboriginal biocultural knowledge from Elsey and the Roper River, north Australia. Katherine : Diwurruwurru-Jaru Aboriginal Corporation.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
The general association was to Roper River drainage between Salt Creek and Duck Ponds. In the south Mangarrayi associations extended to Bayward Lagoon on the Strangeways River. They did not extend south of this place (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
Diwurruwurru-jaru Aboriginal Corporation made recordings and produced a few materials early 2000'.
People: 
Francesca Merlan, Margaret Sharpe
Indigenous organisations: 

Ngukurr Languaage Centre https://ngukurrlc.org.au/

Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates>50
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt50-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS6
2005Estimate6
2006Census15
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Merlan, Francesca. 1982. Mangarayi. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing.

Dictionary: 
Merlan, Francesca et.al. 1990. Mangarrayi vocabulary, ms.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Mangarayic Mangarayi
Dixon (2002) ARNHEM LAND GROUP Mangarrayi (or Ngarrabadji) Mangarrayi (or Ngarrabadji) Merlan (1982a)
Wurm (1994) Mangarayi Mangarayi
Walsh (1981) Mangarayan Mangarayi
Oates (1975) Mangaraian Manggarai
Wurm (1972) Mangaraian Mangarai
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Mangaraian Mangarai