N95: Wurlaki

AIATSIS code: 
N95
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wurlaki

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
Wurlaki
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Djinang [Wulaki]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Djinang (Wulagi)
Tindale (1974)
Jandjinang (valid alternative, with prefix), Jand-jinung, Yandjinung, Yandjinning, Yandjinang, Djinnang, Djinhang, Milingimbi (place name), Millingimbi, Wulllakki, Wulaki, Ullaki, Wulagi, Balmbi (group term), Balmawi, Barlmawi, Manjarngi (clan name), Manyarrngi, Mun-narngo, Manarrngu.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Wulaki [Waters 1989] Wulaki [Schebeck 2001]
Synonyms
Wulaki, Djinang, Jandjinang, Jand jinung, Yandjinung, Yandjinning, Yandjinang, Djinnang, Djinhang, Milingimbi, Millingimbi, Wulllakki, Ullaki, Wulagi, Balmbi, Balmawi, Barlmawi, Manjarngi, Manyarrngi, Mun narngo, Manarrngu
Comment
Comments: 

Coleman describes Wurlaki (N95) as a clan and a language name, from the Djinang/Wurlaki workshop at Gamardi Homeland Centre School, 1994 (AILEC 0636).

The online Yolngu Matha dictionary lists wulaki as a clan name, affiliated with djinaŋ N94.1 language.

Wulaki (N95) is a Yolngu clan affiliated with Djinang N94.1 language and Yirritjing moiety (Waters, 1989:249).

The written form of the name is difficult to reproduce in the AUSTLANG reference name and thesaurus authorities; the retroflex lateral is represented in the Yolngu Matha writing system with an underlined letter: <l> (the alveaolar lateral is <l>). The written form Wurlaki (N95) is used in this database to maintain this distinction. For Yolngu language groups see Yolngu Matha N230.

 

References: 
  • Coleman, Carolyn. 1995. Wurlaki/Djinang. AILEC 0636
  • Greatorex, John. 2014. Yolngu Matha Dictionary http://yolngudictionary.cdu.edu.au/
  • Schebeck, Bernhard. 2001. Dialect and social groupings in northeast Arnheim [i.e. Arnhem] Land vol. 7: LINCOM studies in Australian languages, no. 7. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Waters, Bruce E. 1989. Djinang and Djinba - a grammatical and historical perspective: Pacific Linguistics C-114. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 

(Djinang)

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census46
2011Census32
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Waters. Bruce. 1989. Djinang and Djinba: a grammatical and historical perspective: Pacific Linguistics C114. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 

Waters, Bruce. 1983. An interim Djinang dictionary. Darwin: SIL. Waters, Bruce. Djinang dictionary, ASEDA 0009.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuulngu Djinang Djinang [Wulaki] Djinang [dialectes: Djadiwitjibi, Mildjingi, Wulaki, Balurbi, Murrungun, Manyarring.]
Dixon (2002)   YOLNGU SUBGROUP* Western Yolngu subgroup* Waters (1989) Wurlaki Djinang dialects: (a) Wurlaki, Djardiwitjibi, Mildjingi, Balmbi; (b) Marrangu, Murrungun, Manyarring
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Djinang Wulagi  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Djinang (Djariwidji) Djinang (Yandjinung, Wulaki)  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)