N99: Wilingura

AIATSIS code: 
N99
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wilingura

tabs_horizontal

Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Alawa (Wilingura)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Wilingura
Thesaurus heading language
Wilingura language N99
Thesaurus heading (old)
Wilingura language (N99) (NT SD53-14)
Tindale (1974)
Willongera, Leewillungarra, Willangan, Wilung-wara, Wilinggura (error).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Wilangarra [Heath 1981] Willongera (Power) Wilingura (Spencer and Gillen 1904) [Basedow 1907:3]
Synonyms
Alawa, Leewillungara, Leewillungarra, Wilanggara, Wilinggura, Willangan, Willngura, Willongera, Wilungwara, Wilangarra, Wilung wara
Comment
Comments: 
Capell (1963) says that there is some doubt about this group. Oates and Oates (1970:30) say it is reported by Bern to be virtually extinct: one speaker may still be alive. Bradley (2007 p.c.) suspects that Wilingura may be related to Yanyuwa because various sounds exist in the place names of Wilangarra corresponds to Yanyuwa sounds. Tindale (1974) and Harvey (ASEDA 802) provide completely different locations for this language. This database follows Harvey, who places Wilangarra (N99) next to Yanyuwa. Tindale's location is distant from Yanyuwa and inland.
References: 
  • Basedow, Herbert. 1907. Anthropological notes on the western coastal tribes of the Northern Territory of South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia -- Transactions 31:1-62.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential no data
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
South of Mara (Basedow 1907:32). The drainages of Bing Bong Creek, Pine Creek, and Rosie Creek. Bing Bong homestead was associated with Yanyuwa. There is no precise information on how far inland Wilangarra affiliations extended, but Lorella Spring appears to have been in the changeover zone to Marra (Harvey AILEC 0802). ... they came down onto the coast near present day Bing Bong Station and went up north to just to the north of west of Rosie Creek mouth, (Bradley 2007 p.c.).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Wilingura
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)