P5: Kimberley Kriol

AIATSIS code: 
P5
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kimberley Kriol

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Name
ABN name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
Kimberley Kriol language P5
Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Western Kriol, Kriol WA, Fitzroy Valley Kriol
Comment
Comments: 

This record is under construction.

A creole is a language with a particular history. Creoles emerge from contact languages, also known as pidgins. These are creative responses by people without a common language and are used in restricted domain, such as trade. They are often the result of colonial impositions on Indigenous populations. Pidgins become creolised when a generation of people use and expand the contact language and it develops into a full language, capable of meeting all communicative demands in all social contexts.

Kimberley Kriol has similar origins to P1: Kriol, but uses a different orthography to Kriol which highlights social and identity differences.

See also P1: Kriol and P2: Torres Strait Creole.

 

References: 
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005estimate-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

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