S11: Tanganekald

AIATSIS code: 
S11
AIATSIS reference name: 
Tanganekald

tabs_horizontal

Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Ngarrindjeri (Tanganukald)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Tanganekald
Thesaurus heading language
Tanganekald language S11
Thesaurus heading (old)
Tanganekald language (S11) (SA SI54-14)
Tindale (1974)
Tangalun (valid alternative), Tanganikald (valid alternative pronunciation), Tenggi (Potaruwutj term, actually name of the Coorong itself), Tangane (valid short form), Tanganalun, Tanganarin, Tangani, Tananalun (misprint), T(h)unga, Thungah, Dangani, Tenkinyra, Milmenrura (a clan name only; often used in early days for the whole tribe, presumably owing to the notoriety associated with their murder of survivors of the shipwrecked Maria), Milmendura, Milmendjuri (valid versions of same horde name), Milmain-jericon (a further version of this horde name), Kalde (means language), Wattatonga (name applied by the Bunganditj, lit. 'men of the evening' because they live to the west).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Tenggi, Tangane, Tanganalum, Tunga, Thunga, Thungah, Milmenrura
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Thangani [McDonald 2002:15]
Synonyms
Tangane, Ngarrindjeri, Tanganukald, Jarildukald, Meintangk, Pirtulun, Ramindjeri, Warki, Danganalun, Milmenrura, Polenjunga, Portaruwutj, Potangola, Narrinjeri, Taloinjunga, Tanganalum, Tatiara, Tatiarra, Tattayarra, Thunga, Thungah, Tonggi, Tunga, Tyatyalli, Tyeddyuwurru, Wepulprap, Werekatyalli, Wirigirek, Woychibirik, Yaran, Tenggi, Danganegald, Tanganalun, Thangani, Tangalun, Tanganikald, Tanganarin, Tangani, Tananalun, Dangani, Tenkinyra, Milmendura, Milmendjuri, Milmain jericon, Kalde, Wattatonga
Comment
Comments: 
McDonald (2002) lists this as a people name and dialect of Ngarrindjeri S69. Documentation on Ngarrindjeri S69 may be relevant.
References: 
  • McDonald, Maryalyce. 2002. A study of the phonetics and phonology of Yaraldi and associated dialects. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred R. 1918, 1923. Notes on the social organization of Australian tribes. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 48:222-253; 53:424-447.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
VIC
Location information: 
Narrow coastal strip along Coorong from Middleton south to Twelve Mile Point (north of Kingston); inland only to about inner margin of first inland swamp and dune terrace, the Woakwine or 25 foot (7.5 m.) terrace, usually no more than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km.); on islands in Lake Alexandrina, except eastern and western extremities of Hindmarsh Island; around Meningie at south and of Lake Albert, at Salt Creek and Taratap (Ten Mile Point) (Tindale 1974). on the shores of the long narrow sheet of water known as the Coorong (Radcliffe-Brown 1918:241).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS0
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary) - unclear status
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)LOWER MURRAY AREAL GROUPTanganeYaralde (or Yaralde Tingar; or Ngarrindjeri or Narrinyeri) Meyer (1843), Cerin (1994) further dialects include: Tangane, Ramindjeri
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganNgarinyeric-YithayithicTanganalunNgarinyeri (Narrinyeri) [dialects: Warki, Tanganalun, Meinta:ngk, Raminyeri, Portawulun, Yaraldi]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericKorniDanganegald
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericKorniTanganekald (Dadungalung, Portawurutj)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericKorniTanganekald