S12: Yirawirung

AIATSIS code: 
S12
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yirawirung

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Meru (Erawirungand)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Erawirung
Thesaurus heading language
Yirawirung language S12
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yirawirung language (S12) (SA SI54-10)
Tindale (1974)
Jirau (valid alternative), Eraweerung, Eramwir-rangu, Erawiruck, Jeraruk (name of a horde), Yerraruck, Yirau, Yiran (misprint), Pomp-malkie, Meru (['meru] = man, a general term). Juju (of the Maraura ['ju:] = no), Yuyu, You-you, Rankbirit (name of a horde), Wilu (name of a horde), Willoo.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Eraweerung, Erawirrangu, Erawiruck, Yerraruck, Yirau, Yiran
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Yirau [Berndt 1993]
Synonyms
Meru, Erawirungand, Ngawait, Rankbirit, Ngintait, Ngaralta, Nganguruku, Ngaiawung, Eramwirrangu, Eraweerung, Erawirrangu, Erawiruck, Erawirung, Jeraruk, Jirau, Jirawirung, Juju, Pomp malkie, Willoo, Wilu, Yerraruck, Yiran, Yirau, You you, Yuyu, Eramwir rangu
Comment
Comments: 
This appears to be one of the languages related to Yuyu S19. Yirawirung is listed in MURA as one of the languages in a sound recording by Hercus, but she is not sure about the validity of this name.
References: 
  • Berndt, Ronald, and Catherine Berndt. 1993. A world that was: the Yaraldi of the Murray River and the Lakes, South Australia. Carlton, VIC: Melbourne University Press at the Miegunyah Press.
  • Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred R. 1918, 1923. Notes on the social organization of Australian tribes. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 48:222-253; 53:424-447.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
SA
Location information: 
On the eastern bank of Murray River from above Paringa to Loxton and about 15 miles (40 km.) farther south in sandy country, away from the river. On the western side of river from Rufus Creek west to near Overland Corner. (Tindale 1974). ... the banks of the Murray River between Loxton and Paringa (Radcliffe-Brown 1918:247).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganNgarinyeric-YithayithicErawirungYuyu [dialects: Ngawait, Erawirung, Ngintait, Ngarkat]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericMiriliJirawirung
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericMiriliErawirung
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericMiriliErawirung