S14: Meintangk

AIATSIS code: 
S14
AIATSIS reference name: 
Meintangk

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Ngarrindjeri (Meintangk)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Meintangk
Thesaurus heading language
Meintangk language S14
Thesaurus heading (old)
Meindangk language (S14) (SA SJ54-02)
Tindale (1974)
Meintank, Painbali (Tanganekald term), Paintjunga (horde at Penola), Pinchunga, Pinejunga, Mootatunga, Wepulprap (i.e., 'southern people' of the Tanganekald, term applied to more than one tribe).
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Ngarrindjeri, Jarildukald, Pirtulun, Ramindjeri, Tanganukald, Warki, Djadjala, Meintank, Painbali, Wergaia, Meindangg, Meinta:ngk, Paintjunga, Pinchunga, Pinejunga, Mootatunga, Wepulprap
Comment
Comments: 
According to McDonald (2002:12), Tindale's Meintangk S14 may be a sub-set of the Coorong group, the Thangani S11. However, the area for Meintangk described by Tindale covers a much larger area than that shown in McDonald's maps, further to the north, north-east and east of this area. O'Connor (1994:24) says it is believed there were seven groups, using the location reported in Tindale (from Lacepede Bay, north to Granite Rocks near Kingston, south to Cape Jaffa and east to Lucindale, Blackford, Keilira and Naracoorte, and inland from Lake Hawdon to Mosquito Creek) and noting that 'the horde whose land was in the Penola area was known as the Pinchunga or Pinejunga S78 and one south east from Kingston, the Witchinjunga S72'. Further, Berndt and Berndt (1993) report what Tindale identifies as Meindangk as being distinct from (though adjacent to) Tangani S11; Tangani being related to Yaralde S8, a dialect of Ngarrindjeri S69, and Meintangk being part of the 'Milipi' language. The name Milipi may correspond to what Smith (1880:ix) describes as the five groups of the south-east (of South Australia), 'each occupying its own territory and using different dialects of the same language', comprising Booandik S13, Pinechunga S78, Moatatunga S76, Wichantunga S72, and Polijunga S79. Though they use it as a language name, Berndt and Berndt do not seem certain of the status of the name, noting that it 'was probably a clan name'. Consequently, Milipi is not included in this database, nor as a language heading in the Thesaurus. Campbell's (1934) description of the Pengangka group may be Meintangk, based on both the location and the similarity of the name, as might Taplin's (1879) 'Penola tribe' vocabulary.
References: 
  • Berndt, R.M. & C.H. Berndt. 1993. A world that was: the Yaraldi of the Murray River and the Lakes, South Australia. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. (B B524.88/W2)
  • Campbell, 1934. Notes on the Aborigines of the south-east of South Australia, Part 1. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 58, pp. 22-32. (RS 50/8)
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • McDonald, Maryalyce. 2002. A study of the phonetics and phonology of Yaraldi and associated dialects. München: Lincom Europa.
  • O'Connor, Pam. 1994. The Aboriginal people of the south east, from the past to the present. Naracoorte, SA: South East Book Promotions.
  • Taplin, George. 1879. The folklore, manners, customs and languages of the South Australian Aborigines. Adelaide: Government Printer. (RB T173.52/F1)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
Lacepede Bay; north to the Granite Rocks 12 miles (19 km.) north of Kingston; south to Cape Jaffa; east to Lucindale, Blackford, Keilira, and Naracoorte; inland from Lake Hawdon to Mosquito Creek. There were seven known hordes (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganNgarinyeric-YithayithicMeinta:ngkNgarinyeri (Narrinyeri) [dialects: Warki, Tanganalun, Meinta:ngk, Raminyeri, Portawulun, Yaraldi]
Oates (1975)UnclassifiedMeindangg
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)