W31: Yarnarri

AIATSIS code: 
W31
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yarnarri

tabs_horizontal

Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Kurrama (Janari)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Niabali (Janari)
Tindale (1974)
Njiabali (of western neighbors), Njijabali, Iabali, Janari (inlanders or newcomers, i.e., 'those who have come,' name given by western tribes), Jana.
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Kurrama, Janari, Gurama, Jardira, Kerama, Korima, Niabali, Njiabali, Njijabali, Iabali, Jana, Yarnarri
Comment
Comments: 

Tindale (1974) says Janari (W31) means 'inlanders' or 'newcomers', i.e. 'those who have come', and lists it as an alternative name for Kurama W36, Indjibandi W37 and Niabali A50, noting that it is a Talandji W26 name.

Capell (1963) mentions Janari as 'west of lower Ashburton River', citing Fink, though it is not clear which Fink item he is referring to. There is a Latukefu (Fink) item in the AIATSIS collection (MS 46) which contains a reference to a 'Janari song' from the Roebourne district, without any further information about the name.

Dench (1990, in Wangka Maya 2001:9) says that Yarnarri is one of five dialects of Kurrama W36, the others being Yinyjiwarnti Kurrama W60, Mijarranypa W61, Marntartka W62 and Ngamangamara W63.

The Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre web site describes Yarnarri as an alternative name for Kurrama (but Janari and Yanari as alternatives for Yindjibarndi).

References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Latukefu, Ruth. [Field note books]. (MS 46).
  • Oates, William J. and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2001. Kurrama wordlist & sketch grammar. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
  • Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre (<http://www.wangkamaya.org.au/pilbara-languages/yindjibarndi-overview>.
  • , viewed 18 January 2016).
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 

West of lower Ashburton River (Capell 1963).

 

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975)       Janari  
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)