W49: Jadira

AIATSIS code: 
W49
AIATSIS reference name: 
Jadira

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Kurrama (Jardira)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jadira
Tindale (1974)
Kawarindjari (means 'belonging to the west,' i.e., Westerners [name given by Ngaluma]), Kawarandjari, Ka-warandari, Kawarindjara, Kauarind'arri, Kauarndhari, Garindjari [sic].
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Kurrama, Jardira, Gurama, Janari, Kerama, Korima, Kawarindjari, Kawarandjari, Ka warandari, Kawarindjara, Kauarindarri, Kauarndhari, Garindjari
Comment
Comments: 
It is not clear whether this is a separate language or not. Horton lists Jardira (W49) as an alternative of Kurrama W36. Tindale (1974) lists it as a separate group who was absorbed into the Mardudunera W35 post-European arrival. Von Brandenstein recorded one song in Jadira (VON-BRANDENSTEIN_C02 - 00444) and the singer appears to also speak Marduthunira W35 and Talandji W26.
References: 
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1966. Interim report (3) [to A.I.A.S.] on field NW - WA 15.8.65 - 15.9.65. (PMS 2130)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Middle waters of Cane and Robe rivers from south of Mount Minnie north to the Fortescue River; they did not go east of the western scarp of the higher plateau of the Hamersley Ranges. In post-European times some moved east to Ashburton Downs Station and others to the mouth of the Fortescue River and were absorbed into the Mardudunera. They once used to have access to the sea between the Cane and Robe rivers through Noala territory (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)