W67: Kongal-boyal

AIATSIS code: 
W67
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kongal-boyal

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Name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Other sources
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Synonyms
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Comment
Comments: 
'Kongal-boyal - South-western' is one of three Noongar W41 dialects described on the Noongar Boodjar Waangkiny Language Centre web site. The web site mentions that this dialect has 'longer vowel sounds in some instances and k and g are interchangeable', with g often occurring word initially. According to Noongar Boodjar, the other two dialects are Djiraly - Northern W65 and Kongal-marawar - South-eastern W66. They note that these 'dialect regions are an approximation of how the original 14 recognised Noongar Clans have been drawn into 3 main dialects.' See also Noongar / Nyungar W41 for a summary of the many different dialects reported across the various sources.
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Status: 
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Location
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Location information: 
... from Denmark and Albany in the far south, east probably as far as Esperance and Ravensthorpe, and north through what is now the wheat-belt.
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Language-dialect relationships
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