Y124: Djiru

AIATSIS code: 
Y124
AIATSIS reference name: 
Djiru

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Djirbalngan (Djiru)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Djiru
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
Tindale (1974)
Iimba (valid alternative), Djiru:, Djirubagala (collective term), Dyirubagala, Dyiru, Gerrah, Gillah.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Djirru, Djirbalngan, Giramay, Gulngai, Jirrbalngan, Keramai, Malanbara, Ngatjan, Mamu, Dyiru, Iimba, Djiru:, Djirubagala, Dyirubagala, Gerrah, Gillah
Comment
Comments: 

Dixon describes this as a dialect of Dyirbal Y123; (1972: 23-24). Dyiru (Y124) is spoken by Dyirubagala people.

Other Dyirbal language varieties are: Gulngay Y126 (Malanbara people), Ngadyan Y121 (Ngadyandyi people), Dyirbal Y123 (Dyirbalngan or Dyirbaldyi people), Giramay Y127 (Giramaygan people) and Mamu Y122 ( Waribara, Dulgubara, Bagirigabara, Dyiribara Y151 and Mandubara people) (1972:24, 2002).

 

References: 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 1972. The Dyirbal language of north Queensland. London: Cambridge University Press.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 1976. Tribes, languages and other boundaries in northeast Queensland. Peterson, N. (ed.) Tribes and boundaries in Australia -- Canberra; Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies . 207-238.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
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Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Margaret Elizabeth Lawrie, Norman Tindale
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates>2
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS0
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection   1 (songs)
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Song)
Grammar: 

Dixon, R. M. W. 1972. The Dyirbal language of north Queensland. London: Cambridge University Press.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   HERBERT RIVER GROUP   Djirru Dyirbal Dixon (1972, 1990a) dialects: Ngadjan, Waribarra Mamu, Dulgubarra Mamu, Jirrbal, Gulngay, Djirru, Girramay, Walmalbarra
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Dyirbalic   Dyiru Dyirbal [dialects: Ngadyan, Waribarra Mamu, Dulgubarra Mamu, Dyirribarra Mamu, Dyiru, Gulngay, Girramay, Gambilbarra Dyirrbal, Gambilbarra Dyirrbal, Dyabunbarra Dyirrbal, Walmalbarra]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Djirbalic   Djiru  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Dyirbalic Dyiru  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Yara Djiru