Y49: Wik Elken

AIATSIS code: 
Y49
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wik Elken

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Wik (Wik-Kalkan)
Ethnologue name
wikalkan
ISO 639-3 code
wik
Tindale name
Wik-kalkan
Tindale (1974)
Wik-ngatara (erroneous term), Wik Alkan, Wik-kalkin, Wik-natara, Algan, Ngadara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
wika1238
Other sources
Wik-Alkanha [Sutton 1978:38] Wik-Elkanh [Sutton 1991:56]; Wik-Alkanh [Sutton 1995:iii] Wik Alkan (Thomson) [Sutton [1978:120]
Synonyms
wikalkan, Wik, Wik Kalkan, Wikatinda, Wik Ompom, Wikampama, Wik Ngathara, Wik Epa, Wikepa, Wik Meanha, Wikmean, Wiknatanja, Mimungkum, Wik Mungkana, Wiknantjara, Galban, Algan, Wik kalkan, Wik Alkanha, Wik ngatara, Wik Alkan, Wik kalkin, Wik natara, Ngadara
Comment
Comments: 
Some clan-based varieties of Wik-Ngatharr Y51 call their language Wik-Elkanh (Y49) (Sutton, 1991:56). Wik-Ngatharr Y51 is the most northern of the Wik languages; affiliated clans have estates intermingled with those of Wik-Ngathan Y54; these two varieties (Wik-Ngatharr and Wik-Ngathan) have a similar grammar but different vocabularies. Technically speaking they are distinct dialects of the same language (Sutton, 1991:iii-iv).
References: 
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Wik-Ngathan dictionary. Adelaide : Caitlin Press.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1991. Language in Aboriginal Australia : social dialects in a geographic idiom. In Language in Australia, ed. Suzanne Romaine. Cambridge; Melbourne; Cambridge University Press. p. 49-66.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Wik-Ngatharr: From the Knox River to Love River along coast and inland to Kencherang (Sutton 1995:iii).
Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
Not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganPamanMiddle PamawikalkanWikalkan [dialects: Wik-Ngandjara (Ngandjara), Ngadanja]
Dixon (2002)NORTH CAPE YORK SUBGROUP*Wik subgroup*Wik-ElkenWik-Ngathan (= Wik-linjtjenj) Sutton (1978) further dialect: Wik-Ngatharr (= Wik-Alken, = Wik-Elken)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Algan (Y59)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)