Previously the AUSTLANG reference name for code Y61 was Flinders Island language; in contrast the Pathways Languages Thesaurus heading for this code was Walmbaria / Gambilmugu language and people.
Walmbaria is listed as a language by Oates (1970:201) and Tindale (1974:187) spoken on and near Flinders Island. It has the same referents as Walmbarddha Y147.
Sutton indicates Walmbaria is based on a Flinders Island language term 'Aba Walmbarriya' referring to all (other) peoples of Princess Charlotte Bay but excluding Flinders Island people (1993:32).
Tindale and Hale (1933:69) wrote that Walmbaria people lived on Flinders Island and Bathurst Head and spoke Yalgawarra. Yalgawarra is not a language, it refers to a clan affiliated with Flinders Island language Y67 (Sutton, 1993:33).
See and use Y67: Flinders Island language ; See and use Y147: Walmbarddha for Walmbaria people; Y62: Ama Ambilmungu for Gambilmugu people. See also Y228: Ithu for Ithu people.
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Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.
Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).