Y61: Flinders Island (retired)

AIATSIS code: 
Y61
AIATSIS reference name: 
Flinders Island (retired)

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Mutumui (Walmbaria)
Ethnologue name
Flinders Island
ISO 639-3 code
fln
Tindale name
Walmbaria
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
Tindale (1974)
Walmbar, Yalnga-bar (Yalnga = Cape Melville).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
flin1247
Other sources
Wurima [Sutton 1970]
Synonyms
Oko Wurriima, Flinders Island, Mutumui, Walmbaria, Itu, Ambydher, Kokomiabilo, Mairughan, Manpirlmung wa, Mbambylmu, Mbyrlmurl, Miabilo, Pipon Island, Wurima, Walmbar, Yalnga bar
Comment
Comments: 

Previously the AUSTLANG reference name for code Y61 was Flinders Island language; in contrast the Pathways Languages Thesaurus heading for this code was Walmbaria / Gambilmugu language and people. 

Walmbaria is listed as a language by Oates (1970:201) and Tindale (1974:187) spoken on and near Flinders Island. It has the same referents as Walmbarddha Y147.

Sutton indicates Walmbaria is based on a Flinders Island language term 'Aba Walmbarriya' referring to all (other) peoples of Princess Charlotte Bay but excluding Flinders Island people (1993:32).

Tindale and Hale (1933:69) wrote that Walmbaria people lived on Flinders Island and Bathurst Head and spoke Yalgawarra. Yalgawarra is not a language, it refers to a clan affiliated with Flinders Island language Y67 (Sutton, 1993:33).

See and use Y67: Flinders Island language ; See and use Y147: Walmbarddha for Walmbaria people; Y62: Ama Ambilmungu for Gambilmugu people. See also Y228: Ithu for Ithu people. 

 

References: 
  • Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1979. Australian language names. In Australian linguistic studies, ed. S. A. Wurm, 87-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1993. The Flinders Islands and Melville National Parks Land Claim. MS 3813 Vol.1.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 

Flinders Island

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island   Flinders Island  
Dixon (2002)   SOUTH-EAST CAPE YORK PENINSULA GROUP Bathurst Head group Flinders Island language (or Oko Wurriima) Flinders Island language (or Oko Wurriima)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island   Flinders Island  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island   Flinders Island  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island   Flinders Island, Pipon Island  
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)