Y67: Flinders Island language

AIATSIS code: 
Y67
AIATSIS reference name: 
Flinders Island language

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
Flinders Island language Y67
Thesaurus heading (old)
Biyalgeyi language (Y67) (Qld SD55-09)
Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Flinders Island language, Biyalgeyi, Aji
Comment
Comments: 

Previously this database assigned the code (Y67) to Biyalgeyi language. However, Biyalgeyi has never been used as a language name, nor is there any linguistic evidence of its language status. The word 'Biyalgeyi' is derived from Aba Yalgaya, a clan affiliated with Flinders Island language (Sutton 1993:33). The name associated with (Y67) has been updated to Flinders Island language and Aba Yalgayi people.

The code Y61 in AUSTLANG was Flinders Island language (now listed as retired) and the Thesaurus authority for (Y61) was Walmbaria/Gambilmugu.

Tindale and Hale (1933:69) wrote that Walmbaria people lived on Flinders Island and Bathurst Head and spoke Yalgawarra language. Yalgawarra is not a language, it refers to another clan affiliated with Flinders Island language (Y67) (Sutton, 1993:33). 

For Flinders Island language and Aba Yalgayi people use (Y67); for Walmbaria, see Y147: Walmbarddha; see also Y228: Ithu.

 

References: 
  • Hale, Herbert M and Tindale, Norman B. 1933. Aborigines of Princess Charlotte Bay, North Queensland in South Australian Museum -- Records, v.5, no.1, 1933; [63]-116; v.5, no.2, 1934; [117]-172.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre
  • Sommer, Bruce. 1971-74. Field books 1-11. MS 809.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1979. Australian language names. In Australian linguistic studies, ed. S. A. Wurm, 87-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1993. The Flinders Islands and Melville National Parks Land Claim. MS 3813. Vol. 1.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 

The Flinders Group National Parkin North Queensland comprises seven islands-Flinders (Wurriima), Stanley (Yindayin), Blackwood, Maclear, Denham, King and Clack (Ngurromo) islands.

Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Bob Dixon, Margaret Elizabeth Lawrie, Peter Sutton
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS0
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary only)
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island   Flinders Island Flinders Island language (or Oko Wuriima)
Dixon (2002)   South-East Cape York Peninsula Group Bathurst head Group Flinders Island language (or Oko Wuriima)  
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island   Flinders Island  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island   Flinders Island  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Island   Flinders Island, Pipon Island  
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)