Y7: Angkamuthi

AIATSIS code: 
Y7
AIATSIS reference name: 
Angkamuthi

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
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Horton name
Anggamudi
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ankamuti, Nggamadi
Tindale (1974)
Goomkoding, Yumakundji (probably Jathaikana term), Amkomti, Ondaima (? horde name), Oiyamkwi (people on Red Lsland), Apukwi (people of Crab Island). Ngkamadyi, Ngammatti, Nggamiti, Ngamiti, Ngam-matta, Gamete, Gamiti, Gametty, Gomokudin.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Gamiti' [Roth 1910: 96] Ngkamadyi' [McConnel 1939] Nggammadi [Sharp 1939:257] Yampaghutyanu, Utudhanamu (for non-coastal Angkamuthi) [Crowley 1983:310]
Synonyms
Anggamudi, Ankamuti, Atampaya, Bawtjathi, Lotiga, Nggamadi, Uradhi, Utangikwathiya, Utudhanamu, Aheanjadiddie, Am kemti, Ambaigan, Amkomti, Andengu, Apukwe, Apukwi, Atambaia, Gamete, Gametty, Gamiti, Gamuthi, Gomokudin, Goomkadeen, Goomkoding, Jamagundji, Joonkoonjee, Jumagundji, Ng kamadji, Ngamiti, Ngammatta, Ngammatti, Nggamiti, Ngkamadyi, Oiyamkwi, Oiyankwi, Ondaima, Oujamkiri, Oyemukui, Um yawil, Yumakundji, Yumikundji, Ngam matta
Comment
Comments: 
Injinoo Ikya Y238 (Injinoo Speak) is the language name used to describe three language varieties Angkamuthi (Y7), Atambaya Y183 and Yadhaykanu Y8; Injinoo Ikya refers to the same language as Uradhi Y184, a name not used by the community. Crowley coined Uradhi as a language and a dialect name in his description of Uradhi Y184, Yadhaykenu Y8, Angkamuthi (Y7) and Atampaya Y183 dialects (1983:308). The non-coastal Angkamuthi of the Jardine River were alternatively called Yampaghutyanu (leaf people) or Utudhanamu (scrub dwellers) (Crowley 1983:310).
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1983. Uradhi. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 3, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 306-428. Canberra: ANU Press.
  • Crowley, Terry. 1980. Phonological targets and northern Cape York sandhill. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 13, 241-258. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Thomson. Donald. 1934. Notes on a Hero Cult from the Gulf of Carpentaria, N. Queensland. Royal Anthropological Institute -- Journal, v.64, 1934; 217-235.
  • Pama Language Centre <http://pamalanguagecentre.org.au/injinoo-ikya-angkamuthi/>
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Angkamuthi occupies a very narrow coastal strip from Port Musgrave in the south to just beyond the Jardine River in the north (Crowley 1980:242). In the region referred to locally as the 'Seven Rivers' area (the seven rivers being the Jardine, MacDonald, Skardon, Doughboy, Ducie and Jackson Rivers, and Crystal Creek), which constitutes the very narrow coatal stretch from the northern side of Port Musgrave as far as the Doughboy River, and also the inland area of Crystal Creek and the middle Jardine River (Crowley 1983:310). ?gammatti, a tribe occuping a very large tract of country extending from Port Musgrave to a little north of Vrilya Point. (Thomson 1934: 219).
Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Terry Crowley, Wolfgang Laade
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Crowley, Terry. 1983 Uradhi. In Handbook of Australian languages vol3, RMW Dixon and B Blake, 306-428. Canberra; ANU Press.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)NORTH CAPE YORK SUBGROUP*Northern Paman subgroup* - Hale (1964, 1976b)AngkamuthiUradhi Hale (1976c), Crowley (1983) dialects: Angkamuthi, Yadhaykenu, Atampaya
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganPamanAngkamuthi
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganPamanNorthern PamaAngkamuthi
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganNorthern PamaNgamiti
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)