Y8: Yadhaykenu

AIATSIS code: 
Y8
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yadhaykenu

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Yadhaigana
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Jathaikana
Thesaurus heading language
Yadhaykenu language Y8
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yadhaykenu language (Y8) (Qld SC54-16)
Tindale (1974)
Yathaikeno, Yadaigan, Yaraidyana, Yäraidyana, Yaraikana, Yaldaigan, Yarakino, Yandigan, Yaraikanna, Yaraikkanna, Yardaikan, Yarudolaiga (name given by Kau-rareg), Induyamo.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yaraikana
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Yadhaikana [Thomson 2007 p.c.]
Synonyms
Yadhaigana, Djagaraga, Gumakudin, Jadaikana, Ynduyamu, Yaraidyana, Yathaikeno, Galaigan, Induyames, Induyamo, Jadhaigana, Jaraidjana, Jathaikana, Jathaikeno, Uathaikama, Unduyarm, Yadaigan, Yadaikanu, Yagulles, Yaldaigan, Yandigan, Yaraidyena, Yaraikana, Yaraikanna, Yaraikkanna, Yarakino, Yardaikan, Yardigan, Yarudolaiga, Yarudolaigas, Yathaikano, Yathaikana, Yadhaikana, Yäraidyana
Comment
Comments: 
Injinoo Ikya Y238 (Injinoo Speak) is the language name used to describe three language varieties Angkamuthi Y7, Atambaya Y183 and Yadhaykanu (Y8); Injinoo Ikya refers to the same language as Uradhi Y184, a name not used by the community. Crowley coined Uradhi as a language and a dialect name in his description of Uradhi Y184, Yadhaykenu (Y8), Angkamuthi Y7 and Atampaya Y183 dialects (1983:308).
References: 
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Between White Sands and Escape River along the Coral Sea coast was the original home of the Yadhaykenu and the Yaraytyana. The Yadhaykenu home area also extended south to Boydong Cays and the mainland area of Hunter Point (and presumably met the Mutanti futher south). Very early in the history of white settlement of the peninsula, the Yaraytyana and Yadhaykenu migrated to the Somerset area as the original Cape people became extinct. (Crowley 1983:308-311).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Terry Crowley
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Crowley, Terry. 1983. Uradhi. In Handbook of Australian languages vol 3. eds, RMW Dixon and B Blake, 306-428. Canberra; ANU Press.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)NORTH CAPE YORK SUBGROUP*Northern Paman subgroup* - Hale (1964, 1976b)YadhaykenuUradhi Hale (1976c), Crowley (1983) dialects: Angkamuthi, Yadhaykenu, Atampaya
Wurm (1994)Pama-Nyungan
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganNorthern PamaYathaikana
Wurm (1972)Pama-MaricNorthern PamaYathaikana (Yaraikana)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricNorthern PamaJathaikana