Y99: Kuku Yalanyu

AIATSIS code: 
Y99
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kuku Yalanyu

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kokokulunggur ((Koko-yalung))
Thesaurus heading language
Kuku Yalunyu language Y99
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gugu Yalunju language (Y99) (Qld SE55-01)
Tindale (1974)
Koko-yalung, Ngarlkajee (of Wakara tribe).
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Jalunju, Kokokulunggur, Koko yalung, Ngarlkajee, Kuku Yalunyu
Comment
Comments: 
The name Jalunju has several variants, largely differentiated by the use of the letter 'j' versus 'y'. Oates and Oates 1970 do not distinguish between these variants, identifying Jalunju as Y99 along with variants Ialuniu, Yalunyu and Jalung). Oates 1975, however, treats Jalunju and Yalunyu differently: Jalunju as an alternative of Gugu Gulunggur Y103 (along with Jalung) and Yalunyu as an alternative of Gugu Yalanji Y78. To further complicate matters, Tindale 1974 treats Yalunyu and Yalung (both treated as the same by Oates and Oates 1970) as distinct: Yalunyu as an alternative of Jungkurara Y89 (along with Ialiu, Ialunia and several others) and Yalung as an alternative of Kulunggur Y103. McConnel (1939:66) also treats Yalunyu and Yalung as distinct, describing 'the Koko-yanyu (lower Bloomfield), Koko-yalunyu (upper Bloomfield and Daintree) and Koko-yalung (lower Daintree)' as distinct groups. In her 1931 article about a moon legend, McConnel supplies some Yalunyu (Y99) language data. Confusingly, though, she says these three groups correspond to Roth's (1901-1906) 'Koko-baldja', which would presumably be modern Wulpura Y98. Sutton (2001:10) identifies Kuku-Nyungkul Y90, Kuku-Yanyu Y92 and Kuku-Yalunyu (Y99) as dialects of Kuku Yalanji Y78, though Patz (2002) does not mention Kuku-Yalunyu in her study on Kuku Yalanji. Note that this record has been merged with the record for Y166*, which are almost certain to be the same.
References: 
  • McConnel, Ursula. 1921. A moon legend fromt he Bloomfield River, North Queensland. Oceania 2(1):9-25.
  • McConnel, Ursula. 1939. Social organization of tribes of Cape York Peninsula. Oceania 10(1):54-72.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Patz, Elizabeth. 2002. A grammar of the Kuku Yalanji language of north Queensland: Pacific Linguistics 527. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Roth, W.E. North Queensland ethnography. Bulletin no. 18. Brisbane: Government Printer. (RS 57.4/4, B R845.98/Q1)
  • Sutton, Peter. 2001. Aboriginal country groups and the 'community of native title holders', National Native Title Tribunal Occasional Papers Series, no. 01/2001. Perth: National Native Title Tribunal. (<http://www.nntt.gov.au/Information%20Publications/Aboriginal%20country%2..., viewed 23 July 2015)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
Lower Bloomfield River (Sutton 2001). ... upper Bloomfield and Daintree (McConnel 1939:66).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Jalunju
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)