A1: Nyaki Nyaki / Njaki Njaki

AIATSIS Code: 
A1
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Nyaki Nyaki / Njaki Njaki

tab group

Name
Synonyms
Nyungar
Nyaki Nyaki
Nyagi Nyagi
Eastward tribe
Kaikan
Kar Kar
Karkar
Kikkar
Kilkar
Kokan
Kokar
Njagi
Njagi njagi
Njagiman
Njakinjaki
Nyakinyaki
Punuatch
Punwatch
Njagi Njagi
Horton Name
Nyaki-Nyaki
Tindale name
Njakinjaki
Thesaurus heading
Nyaki Nyaki language (A1) (WA SI50-04)
Tindale (1974)
Njagi (valid alternative), Njagiman (of Njungar), Kokar (['koka:r] = east), Karkar, Kar Kar, Kikkar, 'Eastward tribe,' Punuatch (a place name Punuatj, now Bun-iche), Punwatch (in MS).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Njakinjaki, Kokar, Karkar, Kikkar
Other sources
Comment
Language comment
The classification of Nyaki Nyaki is uncertain. It is tentatively classified as a dialect of Noongar W41 in this database following O'Grady et al. (1966), Oates (1975) and Dixon (2002). However, Douglas (1968) does not include Nyaki Nyaki in his description of Njuŋar W41. Von Brandenstein (1970:3, PMS 2140) says that Njaginjagi (A1) is 'a blend of Ngadju A3 and Nungar W41', but according to Theiberger (1993) von Brandenstein (p.c.) suggested that Nyaki Nyaki is related to Kalaamay A4, which he says 'is definitely not a dialect of Noongar W41'.
References

Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Douglas, Wilfrid H. 1968. The Aboriginal languages of south-west Australia: speech forms in current use and a technical description of Njungar: Australian Aboriginal Studies 14, Linguistic Series 4. Canberra: AIAS.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
O’Grady, G. N., C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
East of Lake Grace; at Newdegate, Mount Stirling, Bruce Rock, Kellerberrin, and Merredin; west to Jitarning; south to Lake King, and Mount Madden; east to near Lake Hope and Mount Holland (Tindale 1974)
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
----
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
1
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)Njaki-NjakiNyungar tribal names: Njunga, Wutjari, Koreng, Minang, Pipalman, Wartanti, Pindjarup, Whadjuk, Kaneang, Wilmen, Njaki-Njaki
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)NjungarNjagi-Njagi
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestNyungaNyakinyaki

No related records.